Although the author does not offer any positive programme, he always indicates the cause of suffering of his heroes. In 2008 Jan-Christoph Hauschild did research in German archives and confirmed the authenticity of the family memories. Macario is the story of a poor man who has been hungry all his life. Apart from that, there are virtually no political programmes in Traven's books; his clearest manifesto may be the general anarchist demand "Tierra y Libertad" in the Jungle Novels. Marut's name is on the list of the crew members of the Norwegian ship Hegre, which sailed from London to the Canary Islands on 19 April 1924; the name is, however, crossed out, which could imply that Marut did not take part in the voyage in the end. Help us improve our Author Pages by updating your bibliography and submitting a new or current image and biography. When Spota asked Torsvan directly whether he, Hal Croves and B. Traven are one and the same person, he denied this angrily; however, in the opinion of the journalist, Torsvan got confused in his explanations and finally admitted indirectly to being the writer.[13]. He formally ran an inn there; however, his shabby joint did not have many customers; Torsvan himself was a recluse, called El Gringo by his neighbours, which would confirm his American nationality. Marut obtained these manuscripts from him (probably by trickery), translated them into German, added some elements of his own anarchist views and sent them, pretending that they were his own, to the German publisher.[13]. Traven knew that values like credibility and authenticity were effective criteria in the literary matters he dealt with and that he needed to consider them. [7][8], Traven's best known novel, apart from The Death Ship, was The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, published first in German in 1927 as Der Schatz der Sierra Madre. March to the Monteria is the third volume in B. Traven's "Jungle Novels," a series of six books that depict the lives and injustices of the Mexican Indians prior the Revolution.Known for his cult classic The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, made into a movie of the same name, the body of work by pseudonymous author B. Traven ("a riveting storyteller, The Philadelphia Inquirer) has endured now for decades. Later she also translated seven other novels of his. Macario was made into a film by Mexican director Roberto Gavaldón in L’arte dell’inganno, Fandango libri (in Italian) ISBN ; Guthke, Karl S. : The Life Behind the Legends, ISBN. Records of the U.S. Customs Service, Record Group 36. There's a problem loading this menu right now. Select the department you want to search in. There were many hypotheses on the true identity of B. Traven, some of them wildly fantastic. A very interesting document is a small notebook with entries in the English language. 24 The rumour was not true. See all books authored by B. Traven, including Der Schatz der Sierra Madre, and The Rebellion of the Hanged, and more on ThriftBooks.com. ), ( He was in many ways the opposite of his half-brother. Anyway, B. Traven's (Ret Marut's) life in Mexico was as mysterious as his fate in Europe. The film adaptation of the same name won three Academy Awards in 1948. The Ret Marut hypothesis did not explain how the former actor and anarchist reached Mexico; it did not provide any information about his early life either. Traven is a pseudonym. This information was provided by Traven’s translator Esperanza López Mateos, who had a close relationship with B. Traven and addressed him as "Mauricio". B. Traven, also called Berick Traven Torsvan, or Ret Marut, (born March 5, 1890?, Chicago?, Ill., U.S.—died March 27, 1969, Mexico City, Mex. Birth records in San Francisco were destroyed in the 1906 earthquake and fire, and for several decades afterwards false claims of birth there were common. According to the theory, B. Traven was the illegitimate son of Emil Rathenau, founder of AEG and therefore the half-brother of the politician Walter Rathenau. After the proclamation of the Bavarian Soviet Republic in Munich in 1919, Ret Marut was made director of the press division and member of the propaganda committee of this anarchist Schein-Räterepublik (Fake-Soviet Republic), as the communists under Eugen Leviné, who took over after a week, called it. The subject and the language of the novel, which were completely different from the writer's other works, resulted in its rejection for a long time by publishers who doubted Traven's authorship; the novel was accused of being "trivial" and "pornographic". “Readers who ignore the genius of B. Traven do so at their peril.” - The New York Times B Traven’s Jungle Novels comprises six books written during the 1930s that observe the poor conditions of the Mexican Indians living in the southern state of Chiapas, whose forced work under exploitative conditions and labor camps foment rebellion and start the beginnings of the Mexican Revolution. However, comparison of the German and English versions of these books shows significant differences between them. The action of the book is again set in Mexico, and its main characters are a group of American adventurers and gold seekers. ), novelist noted as a writer of adventure stories and as a chronicler of rural life in Mexico. Born in Germany, Traven spent much of his adult life in Mexico. The first entry is from 11 July 1924, and on 26 July the following significant sentence appeared in the notebook: "The Bavarian of Munich is dead". After the outbreak of the war, in 1915, he declared to the German authorities that he was an American citizen. [13][14], Rolf Recknagel, an East German literary scholar from Leipzig, came to very similar conclusions as Erich Mühsam. [13], B. Traven's works also enjoyed a soaring popularity in Mexico itself. From the 1940s onwards many of his short stories also appeared in magazines and anthologies in different languages.[7]. Read 224 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Macario was made adapted into a film by Mexican director Roberto Gavaldón in 1960. Author: b. traven. “Readers who ignore the genius of B. Traven do so at their peril.” - The New York TimesB Traven’s Jungle Novels comprises six books written during the 1930s that observe the poor conditions of the Mexican Indians living in the southern state of Chiapas, whose forced work under exploitative conditions and labor camps foment rebellion and start the beginnings of the Mexican Revolution.This last installment of Traven’s legendary Jungle novels sees the completion of Ivan R Dee’s fictional multi-volume retelling of the Mexican Revolution. 8 Following Josef Wieder's death in 1960, Rosa was the only copyright holder for Traven's books. "The Jungle Novels constitute one of the richest portraits of revolution in all literature. According to Rosa Elena Luján, the widow of Hal Croves, who is identified with B. Traven by many scholars (see below), her husband signed on a "death ship" after his release from prison and sailed to Norway, from there on board another "death ship" to Africa and, finally, on board a Dutch ship, reached Tampico on the Gulf of Mexico in the summer of 1924. He acted as a writer and the alleged representative of B. Traven, on behalf of whom he negotiated the publication and filming of his books with publishers and film producers. This source of suffering, deprivation, poverty and death is for him capitalism, personified in the deliberations of the hero of The Death Ship as Caesar Augustus Capitalismus. He was a writer and actor, known for The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (1948), Macario (1960) and La rebelión de los colgados (1954). [26] According to this hypothesis (which was published by Schmid under the pseudonym Gerard Gale! When the film became a box office and won three Academy Awards the public clamored for information about the author. Doubts about Aslan Norval remain and exacerbate the problems of the writer's identity and the true authorship of his books. Traven was a pacifist, the politician Walter Rathenau was responsible for German armaments in the First World War. A recluse, Traven refused personal data to publishers; hence many theories have arisen as to his parentage, his nationality, and his general identity. Records of the Board of Trade and of successor and related bodies. [22], The hypothesis that B. Traven is identical with Ret Marut and Otto Feige is nowadays accepted by many scholars. After the Jungle Novels, B. Traven practically stopped writing longer literary forms, publishing only short stories, including the novella or Mexican fairy tale Macario, which was originally published in German in 1950. Interrogated by the British police, Marut testified that his real name was Hermann Otto Albert Maximilian Feige and that he had been born in Schwiebus in Germany (modern-day Świebodzin in Poland) on 23 February 1882. ), ( The notions of "justice" or Christian morality, which are so visible in adventure novels by other authors, for example Karl May, are of no importance here. Later, when B. Traven's first novels appeared, Mühsam compared their style and content with Marut's Der Ziegelbrenner articles and came to the conclusion that they must have been written by one and the same person. The Treasure of the Sierra Madre: A Novel, ( BT27. The title of the first book edition was Der Wobbly, a common name for members of the anarcho-syndicalist trade union Industrial Workers of the World; in later editions the original title Die Baumwollpflücker was restored. B. Traven's writings can be best described as "proletarian adventure novels". Esperanza, the sister of Adolfo López Mateos, later the President of Mexico, played an increasingly important role in Traven's life. However, instead of the writer, an unknown man turned up at the hotel and introduced himself as Hal Croves,[28] a translator from Acapulco and San Antonio. "B. Traven is coming to be recognized as one of the narrative masters of the twentieth century." This theory is not widely accepted. - The New York Times. A CULT MASTERPIECE—THE ADVENTURE NOVEL THAT INSPIRED JOHN HUSTON'S CLASSIC FILM, BY THE ELUSIVE AUTHOR WHO WAS A MODEL FOR THE HERO OF ROBERTO BOLAÑO'S 2666. It seems indisputable that Traven's hide-and-seek manners became progressively obsessive; although we have to consider that self-presentation is irrevocable. Spota published the results of his investigations in a long article in the newspaper Mañana on 7 August 1948. Many journalists tried to get to Croves' home in Mexico City; but only very few were admitted to him by Rosa, who guarded the privacy of her already very aged, half blind and half deaf husband. The English texts are usually longer; in both versions there are also fragments which are missing in the other language. Furthermore, Guthke goes on to suggest that "Ret Marut" may be a partial anagram of "Moritz Rathenau". Traven spent most of his adult life in Mexico, where, under various names, he wrote several bestsellers and was an outspoken defender of the rights of Mexico's indigenous people. Sadly, after about another decade in 1969, Hal Croves died. Traven's characters are drawn commonly from the lower classes of society, from the proletariat or lumpenproletariat strata; they are more antiheroes than heroes, and despite that they have this primal vital force which compels them to fight. The Treasure of the Sierra Madre book. In subsequent years she acted as his representative in contacts with publishers and as the real owner of his copyright which she later transferred to his brothers.[14]. They tell about exotic travels, outlaw adventurers and Indians; many of their motifs can also be found in Karl May's and Jack London's novels. [18] The journalists gained access to Ret Marut's files in the United States Department of State and the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office; from these they discovered that Marut attempted to travel from Europe, via Britain, to Canada in 1923, but was turned back from that country. According to Huston, "Croves gave an impression quite unlike the one I had formed of Traven from reading his scripts and correspondence." The expanded book edition was published in 1926 by the Berlin-based Buchmeister publishing house, which was owned by the left-leaning trade-unions-affiliated book sales club Büchergilde Gutenberg. In the novel, Traven first dealt in detail with the question of the Indians living in America and with the differences between Christian and Indian cultures in Latin America; these problems dominated his later Jungle Novels.[7][8]. One of the few certainties about Traven's life is that he lived for years in Mexico, where the majority of his fiction is also set—including The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (1927). Above all, his performance was self-fulfilment, and after that the creation of an artist. John Huston adapted the book as a 1948 film of the same name He was finally arrested and imprisoned as a foreigner without a residence permit in Brixton Prison, London, on 30 November 1923. Der politische Schriftsteller B. Traven (SWR Radio broadcast and its transcript)", "LINN GALE OFFERS TO INFORM ON REDS; Political Prisoner Is Said to Be Willing to Aid Government if Freed.REPUDIATES OLD BELIEFS American Civil Liberties Union Rejects Pleas of Radicals to Defend Him", B. Traven versteckt sich in Acapulco – STOCKPRESS.de STOCKPRESS.de, "Die Revolution findet im Roman statt. The results of their research were published in a documentary broadcast by the BBC on 19 December 1978 and in Wyatt's book The Man who Was B. Traven (U.S. title The Secret of the Sierra Madre),[17] which appeared in 1980. Some researchers further argue that Marut/Traven's real name was Otto Feige and that he was born in Schwiebus in Brandenburg, modern-day Świebodzin in Poland. Microfilm Reels: T-14939 to T-15248, via ancestry.com. The main character of the novel is again Gerard Gales, a sailor who, having lost his documents, virtually forfeits his identity, the right to normal life and home country and, consequently, is forced to work as a stoker's helper in extremely difficult conditions on board a "death ship" (meaning a coffin ship), which sails on suspicious voyages around the European and African coasts. While residing there he gathered further experiences he harvested i… In 1948 the book was filmed under the same title (The Treasure of the Sierra Madre) by the Hollywood director John Huston. Huston also brought the matter up in his autobiography,[29] published in 1980, where he wrote that he had been considering first that Croves might be Traven, but after observing his behaviour he had come to the conclusion that this was not the case. “The biography of a creative man is completely unimportant. [13], The media publicity that accompanied the premiere of The Treasure of the Sierra Madre and the aura of mystery surrounding the author of the literary original of the film (rumour had it that Life magazine offered a reward of $5,000 for finding the real B. Traven)[30] induced a Mexican journalist named Luis Spota to try to find Hal Croves, who disappeared after the end of the shooting of the film in the summer of 1947. [7], In the same year (1926), the book club Büchergilde Gutenberg, which was Traven's publishing house until 1939, published his second novel Das Totenschiff (The Death Ship). The National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, England, via ancestry.com. His other aliases include Hal Croves, Traven Torsvan and Ret Marut. Croves underwent surgery for progressive deafness in Berlin in 1959. Records of the Commercial, Companies, Labour, Railways and Statistics Departments. [13], The Otto Feige hypothesis has been rejected by Karl S. Guthke, who believes that Marut's story about his birth in San Francisco was nearer the truth, even though Guthke agrees with the opinion that Marut fantasized in his autobiography to some extent. 7 His other aliases include Hal Croves, Traven Torsvan and Ret Marut. 1 ], The above dates of Marut's supposed incarceration in the UK seem to be supported by travel documents. ), "Los lectores que desconozcan el genio de Traven, lo hacen bajo su propio riesgo" —The New York Times Book Review, The Rebellion of the Hanged (Jungle Novels Book 5), ( This claim is mostly treated by Traven scholars as a diversion or a joke, although there are those who accept it. [13], In the spring of 1917, after the United States entered the First World War, Mexico became a haven for Americans fleeing universal military conscription. When she did, the world was blown away. In 1946, Huston arranged to meet B. Traven at the Bamer Hotel in Mexico City to discuss the details of the filming. In the late 1970s, two BBC journalists, Will Wyatt and Robert Robinson, decided to investigate this matter. His other aliases include Hal Croves, Traven Torsvan and Ret Marut. Mitteilung der Walther-Rathenau-Gesellschaft | Nr. He filed altogether three applications at that time, claiming that he had been born in San Francisco on 25 February 1882 to parents William Marut and Helena Marut née Ottarent. Traven”) before reaching Mexico. At present, this hypothesis is accepted by most "Travenologists". Asked by crew members if he was Traven, he always denied it, but he did so in such a way that the questioners came to the conclusion that he and Traven were indeed the same person. [13], In January 1951, Josef Wieder and Esperanza López Mateos, and after her death, Rosa Elena Luján, started publishing hectographically the periodical BT-Mitteilungen (BT-Bulletins), which promoted Traven's books and appeared until Wieder's death in 1960. A short biography of the writer and anarchist, B Traven, also known as Feige, Ret Marut, Torsvan, Croves... B. TRAVEN – AN ANTI-BIOGRAPHY "An author should have no other biography than his books. Born in Germany or Chicago, Traven spent much of his adult life in Mexico. Despite this, Traven's books are par excellence political works. 9 B. Traven (1882-1969) was a pen name of the most engimatic writer of the twentieth century. ), ( In 1929 B. Traven's most extensive book The White Rose (Die Weiße Rose) was published; this was an epic story (supposedly based on fact) of land stolen from its Indian owners for the benefit of an American oil company. All this may explain why Traven always claimed to be American and denied any connections with Germany; a warrant, in the German Reich, had been out for Ret Marut's arrest since 1919. 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