He is currently working as a research coordinator at the University of Florida. Since 1994, when the first edition of this Special Reference Brief was compiled, \"sustainability\" has become a more familiar term. . It is an intrinsic characteristic of the system that needs to be shaped and managed. A conceptual approach to design livestock production systems for robustness to enhance sustainability Saskia Hendrickx is deputy director of the Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Livestock Systems at the University of Florida. *�9��t����u��D�L ����]Q�� In particular there is an increasing concern and even an increasing demand that food production must become more of a sustainable process. ‘Members of the Hindu faith avoid beef consumption due to veneration of cows. Livestock generate income for farmers of all categories via sale of animals and livestock products. The Integrated farming system of crop and livestock is one of the many technologies currently being developed in the sustainability of production system and increase farmer income. For an evidenced-based review of the role of protein (meat and otherwise) in our future food supply, see the 2019 World Economic Forum-ILRI white paper on Meat: The Future Series—Options for the livestock sector in developing and emerging economies to 2030 and beyond. Reflections on livestock production systems The purpose of the workshop was to reflect on the sustainability of livestock production, its role within the circular economy and doing this from a systems perspective. Livestock systems, say the authors, … ��P�ŵ��̀� J�M�Z=9���U�rp9�Nh�QY����X�]�z,���ڇ�AAa�]��\�\�B�����\\\TT�\������Ӏ�AJ�Ij�f+: ���X���cEתU�|�dJ�/J��KW�wJ_�/����P�=7��j,�����燉��S��(�A��М�'��*W�����!�]�sO.o 4aV�+'� ��!�����.��l��]�����i�挱SQ�U��{�����9�ة(�*H-����PW%�XH�2�Vn9�I��/��\ a//�����F ��`�h�� ��� 2014; John et al. She is currently a visiting professor and researcher in the department of child psychiatry at St Anne’s Hospital, in Paris. Sustainability and Organic Livestock. There is clearly a need for more sustainable increases in agricultural output in order to balance the adverse effects of intensive production and the exploitation of the resource base while, at the same time, optimizing food production. [and] all over the world . Livestock manure and draught power can be used, sold or exchanged for needed commodities. For more about the nutritional benefits of livestock-sourced foods, see another paper in this currant (Oct 2019) issue of Animal Frontiers, The role of livestock products for nutrition in the first 1,000 days of life, written by three other ILRI scientists. Various nutritional, genetic, management, and health-related strategies exist for red… . In either case, the achievement of sustainable animal production … Two popular ways to visualize the three pillars are shown. . 12754 0 obj <>stream Raw milk collection and distribution in Bangladesh and India creates 20 to 40 full-time jobs per 1,000 liters of milk traded. endstream endobj startxref Sustainable Livestock Production. Based on generic sustainability principles, it aims at supporting locally developed optimal practices for a given production system based on a desired outcome, taking into account market demands and farmers constraints and incentives to apply practices. Net accumulation of soil carbon or sink of greenhouse gases has been found to be greatest when grassland is converted to silvo-pastures combining trees, forage and livestock. Animal-source foods are considered superior to plant source food for several reasons, including the following. Sustainability is difficult to define because it embodies multifaceted concepts and the combination of variables that make a production system sustainable can be unique to each production situation. Geoffrey Dahl, the Harriet B Weeks Professor in the department of animal sciences at the University of Florida, conducts applied and basic research with direct impact on dairy production. Livestock systems, say the authors, contribute to global sustainability by providing various ecosystem services, including the following. there is food allocation bias against females of all ages, and against younger household members. This goes for every sector, but none more so than the livestock sector, one of Europe’s key focus areas in the EU Green Deal. Clear standards and laws on food safety, animal welfareand the environment. Sustainable livestock production systems are needed to feed the larger, more urban, richer and older world population in 2050. The theoretical framework for this article on sustainability in poultry production is built on this multi-dimensional understanding of the concept, acknowledging that it is complex and contested. has brought the concept of “Sustainable Agriculture” to the forefront and began to take shape in the following three points. Adgebola (Gbola) Adesogan is director of the Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Livestock Systems and professor of ruminant nutrition at the University of Florida. Salinity and trace mineral accumulation threaten the sustainability of crop production in many semi-arid parts of the world, including California’s western San Joaquin Valley (WSJV). The importance of many biological balances in the system. The Sustainable Livestock Production Systems course will explore a range of different livestock production systems and the opportunities and challenges of implementing sustainable practices. The grassland ecosystems in the ADB are complex and constrained by available water and energy for sustainable livestock production. Sustainable Livestock. "Sustainable agriculture: A whole-systems approach to food, feed, and other fiber production that balances environmental soundness, social equity, and economic viability among all sectors of the public, including international and intergenerational peoples. . Read a related paper by ILRI scientists in this same issue: >The role of livestock products for nutrition in the first 1,000 days of life. The Three Pillars of Sustainability. Nutritional benefits ‘Food consumption is mainly aimed at satisfying hunger; knowledge about the importance of animal-sourced foods in the diet is lacking.’ And because animal-sourced foods are relatively expensive, ‘their consumption is income-dependent. Factors which might influence the effect of inclusion of livestock in an agricultural system on each criterion are also discussed. . He has active extension programs in Sri Lanka, Nepal, Rwanda, and Ethiopia and is the former president of the American Dairy Science Association. Livestock production receives a lot of criticism, yet often there is a failure to differentiate between livestock that are part of problem (primarily intensively reared, grain-fed) and high welfare livestock systems that can be a vital part of the solution, restoring ecosystems, maintaining soil fertility, producing food from marginal land and providing important nutritional benefits. The farming sector is facing a challenge. ��-�7. But conventional livestock production systems also have disadvantages, which make them less sustainable in terms of animal welfare and local environment. The concept of sustainable agriculture lies on a delicate balance of maximizing crop productivity and maintaining economic stability, while minimizing the utilization of finite natural resources and detrimental environmental impacts. The Integrated farming system (IFS) aims to optimize the use of agricultural waste by extending the biological cycle. Research and innovation through the agri-food top s… Meat, milk and eggs are a dense source of energy, essential amino acids and micro-nutrients (iron, B12, Zn), very relevant for children as their stomachs are small and their requirements for these nutrients are high. Consequently, for many families, animal-sourced foods are not consumed at all, or only on rare occasions such as religious festivals.’, In addition, ‘taboos associated with animal-source foods often create barriers to consumption of these foods.’ In some countries, pregnant women and menstruating girls and children are denied milk, meat or eggs due to various cultural beliefs. 12739 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<1FC676926FDEAA47901A9AC0B138EC8C>]/Index[12709 46]/Info 12708 0 R/Length 137/Prev 1550700/Root 12710 0 R/Size 12755/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream This month, in a new issue of the science journal Animal Frontiers, ILRI scientist Padmakumar Varijakshapanicker leads authorship of a paper on Sustainable livestock systems to improve human health, nutrition, and economic status. Sustainability issues Laurie Miller is professor of pediatrics and adjunct professor of nutrition and child development at Tufts University. Cattle production has the potential of being an important component of sustainable agriculture globally. It requires urgent multisectoral action in order to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. Jobs in the livestock sector include not only farm production but also the aggregation, processing/value addition, distribution, transportation, storage, retailing, and marketing of livestock-derived foods. Her research seeks to explain how household behaviour, women’s empowerment and gender dynamics, climate change, hygiene and sanitation, and livestock ownership affect child growth and nutritional outcomes. Development of index-based livestock insurance (IBLI). Three ways livestock farming is becoming more sustainable. 1. Grand challenges in sustainable livestock production for the ADB . Meat, milk and eggs are among the top 10 globally traded commodities with a value of approximately USD1.27 trillion. Sustainable livestock production systems are needed to feed the larger, more urban, richer and older world population in 2050. In low- and middle-income countries, millions of farmers keep livestock as insurance against emergencies and sell them to meet cash needs. The project brings together professionals in human and animal health and the environment to achieve better access to human and veterinary health services and sustainable natural resources management. The global food system is experiencing profound changes as a result of anthropogenic pressures. We used data from a multi-year field-scale trial in Kings County and related container trials to simulate a forage-grazing system under saline conditions. The ever-increasing human population (more than 9 billion by 2050), together with changes in consumption patterns (i.e., increasing demand for livestock products) caused by urbanization, increasing incomes, and nutritional and environmental concerns, is shaping what we eat, who eats, and how … In Ethiopia, devout orthodox Christians . She also serves as a consultant on zoonotic diseases to a World Bank-funded project in Nepal. This paper illustrates that feed impacts almost all sectors and services of the livestock sector and its sustainability hinges on how feed is produced and fed. Failing to put emphasis on the social … Demand from shops for sustainable products is rising, and this is leading more farmers to produce sustainably. . Livestock income is more regular, less seasonal, than crop income, enabling farmers, and women in particular, to depend on their animal stock as a vital source of regular income for household essentials, such as paying for school and medical expenses. Food security, climate change and biodiversity loss belong to the key challenges for a sustainable development of humankind. The correct figure updated for 2016 is US$1.27 trillion. Globally, more than half (57%) of the 2.5 billion hectares of land used for producing forage is unsuitable for food production., so forage crops make productive use of non-cultivable land. Mulubrhan Balehegn Gebremikael is associate professor of livestock production and pastoralist development at Mekelle University, in Ethiopia. . The global food system is experiencing profound changes as a result of anthropogenic pressures. This chapter will dig into the Since only 14% of the feed consumed by livestock is edible by humans, the remaining 86%—including by-products, crop residues, and grasses or fodder—is converted into human food, generating incomes as well as food and reducing environmental pollution from burning or dumping the residues and by-products. . Paul Cezanne, Still Life with Bowl and Milk Jug. Nutritional benefits h��XmO9�+�T����J��"-m�r�(�dх%˩���gl/����~:�a�3�w{V*oD! Some micro-nutrients are available only in meat, milk and eggs. While most production systems, ranging from shifting cultivation and pastoral systems to crop-based or mixed crop/livestock systems, are inherently sound and sustainable on an individual basis, their rapid multiplication and intensification may impose stress on the wider agro-ecosystem in which they are situated. The figure shows schematically how the social and economic systems are embedded in the environment. The ability to transform feed not suitable for humans into high-quality food will be of great importance in the long-term for feeding a growing population. In recent years, there has been a growing consensus among scientists, farmers, and the general public that agricultural production practices must change. Sustainable livestock systems to improve human health, nutrition, and economic status. production systems’. She currently leads the human health and nutrition cross-cutting theme for the Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Livestock Systems. One of the most important tasks is to keep detailed records on livestock stocking rate, livestock performance, and forage production. This trend will exert pressure in the limited The role of livestock products for nutrition in the first 1,000 days of life, Sustainable livestock systems to improve human health, nutrition, and economic status. It is argued that identification of livestock-specific criteria is impossible because of the large heterogeneity of livestock production systems and the non-linear relation between livestock-specific criteria and agroecological criteria. The World Health Organization has declared that antimicrobial resistance is one of the top 10 global public health threats facing humanity. The three pillars of sustainability are a powerful tool for defining the complete sustainability problem. All of them, representing thousands of farms, have contributed to our understanding of what sustainable systems are, and each of them shares a vision of "farming with nature," an agro-ecology that promotes biodiversity, recycles plant nutrients, protects soil from erosion, conserves and protects water, uses minimum tillage, and integrates crop and livestock enterprises on the farm. �%��c�`�* x��|-Q�����.�td�f���������mVP|)�� In his opening remarks at the workshop, Mr. Julius Kiptarus, the Director of Livestock Production at SDL, emphasized the need to work towards a standardized market information system among pastoralist producers, citing the government’s recognition and prioritization of arid and semi-arid lands (ASAL) development, as underpinned in the nation’s development blueprint, the Kenya Vision … To implement One Health , the project works with communities, public and private service providers... With over half of the global population living in urban areas, cities are not only crowded with people but also with livestock as well as disease vectors like rodents and mosquitoes. Finally, concepts of participatory research and extension in the development of livestock farming and the emergence of organic farming, as an example of farmer-driven innovation and development, will be described. In particular, livestock production and the increasing demand for meat, egg, milk and dairy products have led to several environmental problems that are a major threat for food security. The ‘bio-availability’ (proportion of nutrients absorbed and used for normal body functions) of eggs and other animal-sourced foods is up to one-third greater than that in food crops. Padmakumar and his co-authors begin their paper by making the case for a ‘holistic’ definition of ‘sustainability’, one that ‘jointly considers ecological, social, and economic dimensions of a system or intervention for long-lasting prosperity.’, ‘This also applies to livestock systems, which should be economically viable for farmers, environmentally friendly or at least neutral, and socially acceptable in order to be considered sustainable.’. The authors say that the great diversity of the world’s livestock systems must be taken into account when addressing sustainability issues. Meat: The Future Series—Options for the livestock sector in developing and emerging economies to 2030 and beyond. The livestock sector is made up of farmers, the processing industry and buyers. Overview; Dairy farming; Grassland and grazing animals; Antibiotics; Share me. 2016; Gao et al. . The concept of a sustainable farming system refers to the capacity of agriculture over time to contribute to overall welfare by providing sufficient food and other goods and services in ways that are economically efficient and profitable, socially responsible, while also improving environmental quality. 2. There is increasing global trend of demand for livestock products (due to increasing population), and rate of increase in demand is very high in developing countries due to the increase in income level. Grazing in the ADB seems to have already reached its maximum capacity and spread its degraded grasslands, suggesting a need to reduce grazing intensity across the region (Reid et al. �,`����J���@��ރ�����A��9 Y�Z�F����������B� Ironically, also the contextual appropriate use of the sustainability concept … In South Asia, women, particularly pregnant [women], are discriminated against during allocation of food in households due to food insecurity or socio-cultural factors . 2. Erratum His research interests include use of animal-sourced foods to improve human health and nutrition, improving food and feed safety and quality, and devising sustainable strategies to optimize the performance, health and welfare of livestock. Women have important roles in raising livestock in many low- and middle-income countries. These livestock systems include the grassland-based extensive systems, intensive landless systems, and mixed farming systems among others. Integrated Farming - UNI 11233-2009 new European agriculture organic standard (IF), integrated production or Integrated Farm Management is a whole farm management system which aims to deliver more sustainable agriculture. It is challenging to analyse or discuss the sustainability of one single sector within agriculture, because this sector is part of a global food system, and a systems approach is necessary. In arid and semi-arid areas or other lands submitted to extended periods of drought, understory forage production alone is not enough to sustain an economically viable livestock production operation. . The livestock sector is an integral part of agriculture, which contributes 60% to 70% of total employment in many African and Asian countries. 0 Livestock within the farming system creates a reason to diversify rotations to a wider variety of crops, including the production of protein from sources other than cereals, e.g., grain and forage legumes, oil seed rape, or grass. IXRJ�Bj�#](xd h�bbd```b``�"6�H�Dɞ"Yn�E��d�"���$Dd�d�f׃HF���dZ�V� DrǀȐ����H2���s��L���t0i"�yA$/XDH�������`hv3#����> !p� Livestock systems capitalize on underutilized family labour. Thus in recent years the term sustainable agriculture has become a buzzword among h�b```d``�������� Ā B,l@�qCȑ%Q�I�E��I �@�*��F4% �EG����h�`~� ya���=��j�X�0�Q4d�x+Al�j����Xw�ȵ��l�P!�����A���j�kMEļ�V9 L���^���`����0��B[�"G>���E ��g�(|�fb�n��`"�0�#�I�`J��*NS&��! The COVID-19 pandemic and climate change represent converging challenges to which no continent, country or community is immune. The purpose of the workshop was to reflect on the sustainability of livestock production, its role within the circular economy and doing this from a systems perspective. Social sustainability is based on the concept that a decision or project promotes the betterment of society. Low consumption It is clear that silvopastoral systems increase biodiversity, improve animal welfare and provide good working conditions while enabling a profitable farming business. It is a dynamic approach which can be applied to any farming system around the world. About the authorsPadmakumar Varijakshapanicker has been working with International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) since 2009 and is currently managing the Asia hub of the Livestock System Innovation Lab, a Feed the Future Initiative of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and serving as acting head of ILRI’s Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) Feed Technology Platform at Patancheru, Hyderabad, India. . a>���h����ls��o��/.u-�I���o�,N��6���?�f�6|�d~0:5C���S�L 2��&�0� ��p�18Lp�N4�C�u�0�_���{ˀők�&SAF1��J�\�� As a result of a growing population, national economies and urbanisation the consumption of animal products has risen sharply and will also rise substantially in the future, leading to a huge demand for animal feed. Quantitative information about the sustainability performance of existing livestock production systems can aid the debate of which actions could be developed and implemented. 1Systems based on agroforestry or sylvopastoralism and autonomous livestock system using crops only for animal feeding were considered outside the scope of the FG. Grazing lands sequester more carbon per unit area than cultivated croplands. Main content area. Farmingsystemisamixoffarmenterprisessuchascrop, livestock,aquaculture,agroforestryandfruitcropstowhich farmfamilyallocatesitsresourcesinordertoefficiently The theoretical framework for this article on sustainability in poultry production is built on this multi-dimensional understanding of the concept, acknowledging that it is complex and contested. However, the term "GAP" has different meanings and is used in a variety of contexts. Sustainable Livestock. Be the first to contribute. By 2030, the number of people within the global middle class is expected to grow to five billion and by 2050, 10 billion people will live on our planet. Rates of soil loss in US croplands are more than four times that of grazing lands. This consists of at least the economic, social, and environmental pillars. This web-based platform is both a practical instrument and an information resource for developing environmentally sound livestock production systems. %PDF-1.6 %���� The concept of ‘sustainability’ or ‘sustainable development’ is multi-dimensional, encompassing economic, environmental, social, and institutional governance aspects. In this paper, we aimes to explore sustainable development model of grass-based livestock husbandry by assessing the sustainability of the “grain - cash - forage” three-dimensional planting structure, but it is a new development concept, there are few related studies. The relatively high cost of animal-sourced foods is a challenge for the poor who must make tough decisions on how to spend their scarce resources. The productivity of livestock in silvopastoral systems depends on the quality and yield of the forages produced throughout the year. This study argues that the (sociocultural) sustainable development of livestock farming is not an objective concept, but that it is socially and culturally constructed by people in specific contexts. It is clear that silvopastoral systems increase biodiversity, improve animal welfare and provide good working conditions while enabling a profitable farming business. Livestock serves as a means for recycling nutrients and as a source of energy and value-added production. . Quantitative information about the sustainability performance of existing livestock production systems can aid the debate of which actions could be … It also addresses the two-way interactions between livestock and the environment; while livestock production is often a driver of environmental change, future climate change will have significant impacts on livestock production. Padmakumar’s paper in Animal Frontiers, ‘Economic impacts of sustainable livestock systems’ has an incorrect figure that is now being corrected by the journal. A detailed explanation of livestock production systems around the globe is presented, with examples, and some new developments are discussed. 1. endstream endobj 12710 0 obj <>/Metadata 419 0 R/Outlines 561 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 12678 0 R/StructTreeRoot 737 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 12711 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/TrimBox[623.622 0.0 1218.9 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 12712 0 obj <>stream Muslims avoid pork consumption for religious reasons. . Sustainable livestock production means making livestock systems economically more efficient and striking balance between meeting the growing demand of animal-origin products and reducing to the minimum the negative side effects and externalities from the livestock sector. The authors conclude that any assessments of the impacts of livestock on the environment and livelihoods ‘should not focus on single criteria such as greenhouse gas emissions, but should balance ecological, social, and nutritional costs and benefits.’. [avoid] animal-sourced foods for up to 240 days a year . The ISL Guide provides guidance, suggested activities, and indicators needed to ensure livestock projects are environmentally sustainable (future versions will also address public health and equity dimensions of sustainability). If any one pillar is weak then the system as a whole is unsustainable. Before joining the University of Florida in 2016, she worked with ILRI and the World Health Organization. The concept of sustainability, evoked by King (1911) at the beginning of the 20th century, reasserted itself in the 1980s when it was understood that relevant amounts of natural resources were being irreversibly wasted and that the future welfare of man and even the survival of humankind was becoming compromised.. This Special Issue will comprise papers covering a wide range of aspect related to environmental sustainability and environmental impacts of livestock production, including environmental issues, such as emissions of greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide), nitrogen and phosphorus excretion, ammonia emissions, land use and land management, and use of energy and other resources. © 2021 International Livestock Research Institute. This figure has also been corrected in the article above. . 2016). If sustainable intensification of livestock production is adopted, it could lead to greater production yields through more efficient use of resources, … Sustainable livestock systems for sustainable lives. All Focus Group results can be found online via This is an EIP-AGRI Service Point publication Brochure ‘Sustainable livestock farming’, January 2019 Pictures: EIP-AGRI Service Point, Grazing Cow Monitor, Operational Group ‘Maximum milk from grass’, Operational Group ‘Sustainable pastures’, Rob Richmond, Shutterstock www.eip-agri.eu. Government supports this approach with: 1. She is a veterinary epidemiologist by training with experience in public health, livestock research, and project management in developing countries. 2. However, the potential and actual contribution of various livestock production systems to environmental sustainability varies according to production system. 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