Nor is it merely at the mercy of our caprice, since we all know that we are a gift, not something self-generated. In this way, it is actually possible to improve social services and welfare programmes, and at the same time to save resources — by eliminating waste and rejecting fraudulent claims — which could then be allocated to international solidarity. Often the development of peoples is considered a matter of financial engineering, the freeing up of markets, the removal of tariffs, investment in production, and institutional reforms — in other words, a purely technical matter. Otherwise, if the only basis of human rights is to be found in the deliberations of an assembly of citizens, those rights can be changed at any time, and so the duty to respect and pursue them fades from the common consciousness. When business ethics prescinds from these two pillars, it inevitably risks losing its distinctive nature and it falls prey to forms of exploitation; more specifically, it risks becoming subservient to existing economic and financial systems rather than correcting their dysfunctional aspects. Not only is justice not extraneous to charity, not only is it not an alternative or parallel path to charity: justice is inseparable from charity[1], and intrinsic to it. In so doing, she must defend not only earth, water and air as gifts of creation that belong to everyone. These are matters closely connected with development. John Paul II, Encyclical Letter Sollicitudo Rei Socialis, 41: loc. It will be what people make of it”[104]. 47. The sharing of goods and resources, from which authentic development proceeds, is not guaranteed by merely technical progress and relationships of utility, but by the potential of love that overcomes evil with good (cf. Alongside economic aid, there needs to be aid directed towards reinforcing the guarantees proper to the State of law: a system of public order and effective imprisonment that respects human rights, truly democratic institutions. Paul VI had partially foreseen it, but the ferocious pace at which it has evolved could not have been anticipated. Summary of Deus Caritas Est. Vi er raskt ute med nødhjelp når katastrofen … In this regard it is useful to remember that while globalization should certainly be understood as a socio-economic process, this is not its only dimension. The importance of this goal is such as to demand our openness to understand it in depth and to mobilize ourselves at the level of the “heart”, so as to ensure that current economic and social processes evolve towards fully human outcomes. We should never cease to marvel at these things. Will it ever be possible to obtain this brotherhood by human effort alone? Some non-governmental Organizations work actively to spread abortion, at times promoting the practice of sterilization in poor countries, in some cases not even informing the women concerned. However, this must not obscure the fact that the entire financial system has to be aimed at sustaining true development. John Paul II, Encyclical Letter Centesimus Annus, 22-29: loc. The State does not need to have identical characteristics everywhere: the support aimed at strengthening weak constitutional systems can easily be accompanied by the development of other political players, of a cultural, social, territorial or religious nature, alongside the State. It is true that peace-building requires the constant interplay of diplomatic contacts, economic, technological and cultural exchanges, agreements on common projects, as well as joint strategies to curb the threat of military conflict and to root out the underlying causes of terrorism. Facebook: CaritasNorge These situations are symptomatic of scant confidence in the future and moral weariness. Striving to meet the deepest moral needs of the person also has important and beneficial repercussions at the level of economics. Originating within economically developed countries, this process by its nature has spread to include all economies. Love — caritas — is an extraordinary force which leads people to opt for courageous and generous engagement in the field of justice and peace. [151] Cf. John XXIII, Encyclical Letter Pacem in Terris, loc. “The whole man and all men” is also the criterion for evaluating cultures and religions. The poor are not to be considered a “burden”[91], but a resource, even from the purely economic point of view. Development programmes, if they are to be adapted to individual situations, need to be flexible; and the people who benefit from them ought to be directly involved in their planning and implementation. What should be avoided is a speculative use of financial resources that yields to the temptation of seeking only short-term profit, without regard for the long-term sustainability of the enterprise, its benefit to the real economy and attention to the advancement, in suitable and appropriate ways, of further economic initiatives in countries in need of development. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. A prosperous society, highly developed in material terms but weighing heavily on the soul, is not of itself conducive to authentic development. Likewise the truth of ourselves, of our personal conscience, is first of all given to us. IBAN: HR0523400091100080340 SWIFT/BIC: PBZGHR2X. To desire the common good and strive towards it is a requirement of justice and charity. The different forms of economic enterprise to which they give rise find their main point of encounter in commutative justice. Mt 25: 35, 37, 42) is an ethical imperative for the universal Church, as she responds to the teachings of her Founder, the Lord Jesus, concerning solidarity and the sharing of goods. This is demanded, in any case, by the earth's state of ecological health; above all it is required by the cultural and moral crisis of man, the symptoms of which have been evident for some time all over the world. The link between Populorum Progressio and the Second Vatican Council does not mean that Paul VI's social magisterium marked a break with that of previous Popes, because the Council constitutes a deeper exploration of this magisterium within the continuity of the Church's life[19]. The “technical” worldview that follows from this vision is now so dominant that truth has come to be seen as coinciding with the possible. Much depends on the way programmes are managed in practice. Yet the requirements of justice must be safeguarded, with due consideration for the way in which the capital was generated and the harm to individuals that will result if it is not used where it was produced[97]. It is certainly useful, and in some circumstances imperative, to launch financial initiatives in which the humanitarian dimension predominates. Awareness of God's undying love sustains us in our laborious and stimulating work for justice and the development of peoples, amid successes and failures, in the ceaseless pursuit of a just ordering of human affairs. The economic development that Paul VI hoped to see was meant to produce real growth, of benefit to everyone and genuinely sustainable. [84] Cf. Zagreb, Hrvatska +385 1 563 50 45 . I would like to consider two of these in particular, of special relevance to the commitment to development in an increasingly globalized society: justice and the common good. Benedict XVI, Encyclical Letter Deus Caritas Est, 28: loc. [101] Encyclical Letter Populorum Progressio, 27: loc. This is a presumption that follows from being selfishly closed in upon himself, and it is a consequence — to express it in faith terms — of original sin. [157] Cf. If this vision is lost, we end up either considering nature an untouchable taboo or, on the contrary, abusing it. [118] Cf. The fact that some States, power groups and companies hoard non-renewable energy resources represents a grave obstacle to development in poor countries. cit., 238-240. ibid., 36-37: loc. The Gospel is fundamental for development, because in the Gospel, Christ, “in the very revelation of the mystery of the Father and of his love, fully reveals humanity to itself”[45]. This doctrine points definitively to the New Man, to the “last Adam [who] became a life-giving spirit” (1 Cor 15:45), the principle of the charity that “never ends” (1 Cor 13:8). The Church has always held that economic action is not to be regarded as something opposed to society. Each person finds his good by adherence to God's plan for him, in order to realize it fully: in this plan, he finds his truth, and through adherence to this truth he becomes free (cf. [98] Cf. It touches the heart of the vocation of human labour: in technology, seen as the product of his genius, man recognizes himself and forges his own humanity. It is a force that has its origin in God, Eternal Love and Absolute Truth. 21, a. 66. Right intention, transparency, and the search for positive results are mutually compatible and must never be detached from one another. [138] Cf. Suffice it to consider, on the one hand, the significant reduction in infant mortality and the rise in average life expectancy found in economically developed countries, and on the other hand, the signs of crisis observable in societies that are registering an alarming decline in their birth rate. Old models are disappearing, but promising new ones are taking shape on the horizon. International cooperation requires people who can be part of the process of economic and human development through the solidarity of their presence, supervision, training and respect. Caritas of the Gniezno Archdiocese [...] is the first charitable NGO in the country to be given the ISO 9001:2000 certificate for quality management by the International Organization for Standardization. If some areas of the globe, with a history of poverty, have experienced remarkable changes in terms of their economic growth and their share in world production, other zones are still living in a situation of deprivation comparable to that which existed at the time of Paul VI, and in some cases one can even speak of a deterioration. [123] John Paul II, Encyclical Letter Centesimus Annus, 36: loc. From this perspective, more economically developed nations should do all they can to allocate larger portions of their gross domestic product to development aid, thus respecting the obligations that the international community has undertaken in this regard. As a human reality, it is the product of diverse cultural tendencies, which need to be subjected to a process of discernment. From the social point of view, systems of protection and welfare, already present in many countries in Paul VI's day, are finding it hard and could find it even harder in the future to pursue their goals of true social justice in today's profoundly changed environment. Social concern must never be an abstract attitude. [46] Paul VI, Encyclical Letter Populorum Progressio, 13: loc. [158] Cf. This is a task that cannot be undertaken by the social sciences alone, insofar as the contribution of disciplines such as metaphysics and theology is needed if man's transcendent dignity is to be properly understood. An illustration of the significance of this problem is offered by the phenomenon of international tourism[141], which can be a major factor in economic development and cultural growth, but can also become an occasion for exploitation and moral degradation. Once the role of public authorities has been more clearly defined, one could foresee an increase in the new forms of political participation, nationally and internationally, that have come about through the activity of organizations operating in civil society; in this way it is to be hoped that the citizens' interest and participation in the res publica will become more deeply rooted. In this way, he gave a strong moral impetus to this objective, seeing it as an aspiration of families in every country of the world. There are certain religious cultures in the world today that do not oblige men and women to live in communion but rather cut them off from one other in a search for individual well-being, limited to the gratification of psychological desires. [36] Cf. [140] Cf. The new forms of slavery to drugs and the lack of hope into which so many people fall can be explained not only in sociological and psychological terms but also in essentially spiritual terms. As we contemplate the vast amount of work to be done, we are sustained by our faith that God is present alongside those who come together in his name to work for justice. 33. In this context, the theme of integral human development takes on an even broader range of meanings: the correlation between its multiple elements requires a commitment to foster the interaction of the different levels of human knowledge in order to promote the authentic development of peoples. This principle is extremely important for society and for development, since neither can be a purely human product; the vocation to development on the part of individuals and peoples is not based simply on human choice, but is an intrinsic part of a plan that is prior to us and constitutes for all of us a duty to be freely accepted. [115] John Paul II, Message for the 1990 World Day of Peace, 6: AAS 82 (1990), 150. In the list of areas where the pernicious effects of sin are evident, the economy has been included for some time now. I am aware of the ways in which charity has been and continues to be misconstrued and emptied of meaning, with the consequent risk of being misinterpreted, detached from ethical living and, in any event, undervalued. Duties set a limit on rights because they point to the anthropological and ethical framework of which rights are a part, in this way ensuring that they do not become licence. Caritas is a Latin word that's meaning in English is charity. cit., 258. Finance, therefore — through the renewed structures and operating methods that have to be designed after its misuse, which wreaked such havoc on the real economy — now needs to go back to being an instrument directed towards improved wealth creation and development. Nowadays we are witnessing a grave inconsistency. Caritas definition: charity | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples In the face of the enormous problems surrounding the development of peoples, which almost make us yield to discouragement, we find solace in the sayings of our Lord Jesus Christ, who teaches us: “Apart from me you can do nothing” (Jn 15:5) and then encourages us: “I am with you always, to the close of the age” (Mt 28:20). Caritas Norway. One of the greatest challenges facing the economy is to achieve the most efficient use — not abuse — of natural resources, based on a realization that the notion of “efficiency” is not value-free. In the context of this discussion, it is helpful to observe that business enterprise involves a wide range of values, becoming wider all the time. In rich countries, new sectors of society are succumbing to poverty and new forms of poverty are emerging. [110] Cf. the massive increase in relative poverty), not only does social cohesion suffer, thereby placing democracy at risk, but so too does the economy, through the progressive erosion of “social capital”: the network of relationships of trust, dependability, and respect for rules, all of which are indispensable for any form of civil coexistence. In 1964 its current name was adopted. This is what gives rise to the duty of believers to unite their efforts with those of all men and women of good will, with the followers of other religions and with non-believers, so that this world of ours may effectively correspond to the divine plan: living as a family under the Creator's watchful eye. Today's international economic scene, marked by grave deviations and failures, requires a profoundly new way of understanding business enterprise. But the social doctrine of the Church has unceasingly highlighted the importance of distributive justice and social justice for the market economy, not only because it belongs within a broader social and political context, but also because of the wider network of relations within which it operates. Encyclical Letter Centesimus Annus, 36: loc. Benedict XVI, Address to the Participants in the Fourth National Congress of the Church in Italy, Verona, 19 October 2006; Id., Homily at Mass, Islinger Feld, Regensburg, 12 September 2006. What the Church's social doctrine has always sustained, on the basis of its vision of man and society, is corroborated today by the dynamics of globalization. All these factors are of great importance, but we have to ask why technical choices made thus far have yielded rather mixed results. [4] Cf. This position leads to attitudes of neo-paganism or a new pantheism — human salvation cannot come from nature alone, understood in a purely naturalistic sense. Other cultures and religions teach brotherhood and peace and are therefore of enormous importance to integral human development. The Church's wisdom has always pointed to the presence of original sin in social conditions and in the structure of society: “Ignorance of the fact that man has a wounded nature inclined to evil gives rise to serious errors in the areas of education, politics, social action and morals”[85]. That which is prior to us and constitutes us — subsistent Love and Truth — shows us what goodness is, and in what our true happiness consists. Mr. Knut Andreas Orgland Lid Today we can say that economic life must be understood as a multi-layered phenomenon: in every one of these layers, to varying degrees and in ways specifically suited to each, the aspect of fraternal reciprocity must be present. My Dearest Dear Lyrics. 6. “Caritas in veritate” is the principle around which the Church's social doctrine turns, a principle that takes on practical form in the criteria that govern moral action. Hence traditional networks of solidarity have more and more obstacles to overcome. cit., 594-598. 64. One also senses the urgent need to find innovative ways of implementing the principle of the responsibility to protect[146] and of giving poorer nations an effective voice in shared decision-making. Collectively and individually, their missions are to work to build a better world, especially for the poor and oppressed. 34. Today, in fact, people frequently kill in the holy name of God, as both my predecessor John Paul II and I myself have often publicly acknowledged and lamented[68]. The supremacy of technology tends to prevent people from recognizing anything that cannot be explained in terms of matter alone. I too wish to recall here the importance of the Second Vatican Council for Paul VI's Encyclical and for the whole of the subsequent social Magisterium of the Popes. In vitro fertilization, embryo research, the possibility of manufacturing clones and human hybrids: all this is now emerging and being promoted in today's highly disillusioned culture, which believes it has mastered every mystery, because the origin of life is now within our grasp. cit., 289. 44. Thus, cultures can no longer define themselves within a nature that transcends them[63], and man ends up being reduced to a mere cultural statistic. Once profit becomes the exclusive goal, if it is produced by improper means and without the common good as its ultimate end, it risks destroying wealth and creating poverty. is not responsible for their content. Indeed, the latter demand that the international community take up the duty of helping them to be “artisans of their own destiny”[109], that is, to take up duties of their own. It is in the interests of the market to promote emancipation, but in order to do so effectively, it cannot rely only on itself, because it is not able to produce by itself something that lies outside its competence. Hope encourages reason and gives it the strength to direct the will[87]. Caritas Norway. Integral human development on the natural plane, as a response to a vocation from God the Creator[48], demands self-fulfilment in a “transcendent humanism which gives [to man] his greatest possible perfection: this is the highest goal of personal development”[49]. On the other hand, charity transcends justice and completes it in the logic of giving and forgiving[3]. Spendenkonten Caritas Erzdiözese Wien. Today we hear much talk of ethics in the world of economy, finance and business. Collectively and individually, their missions are to work to build a better world, especially for the poor and oppressed. “Ethical financing” is being developed, especially through micro-credit and, more generally, micro-finance. This responsibility is a global one, for it is concerned not just with energy but with the whole of creation, which must not be bequeathed to future generations depleted of its resources.

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