Thank you. I’m wondering what work or thought you’ve given to that human dimension of crisis that is coming our way. These words have lots of implications, but—. And third, he puts the release of “Laudato Si’,” its visibility, bringing this issue to the forefront. And it has to be released from that and empowered by the reality that this is a consensus issue, that this is something everybody wants, and the polling that suggests that 80 percent of Catholics want more investment in renewable energy, that they understand the need—that the climate-change authority, authority of the scientists. What Is the World Doing to Distribute COVID-19 Vaccines? There’s an excellent report, “Prosperity Without Growth,” which talks about the need to de-carbonize our economic growth, suggests ways to do that. I mean, Easter is about a new way and building the kingdom of God. In fact, one of my standard jokes when I talk to Evangelical churches is the first sustainability handbook is in the Bible, at least one that I know, written down from my tradition. And also the industrialization of the whole concept of going green, still people making money out of the concept, and many times local people are left high and dry. Some of the best companies—I mean, you know, M&M Mars is by far the leading; zero carbon by 2020. But as director of the Center for the Interdisciplinary Study of Terrorism and Peace, I’d like to point us in a different direction, a different aspect of this debate on climate change; namely, the connection between refugees, climate change, and security. And it brings me to the next point, and that is, this is a long-term perspective. If climate change is … In fact, you know, energy is so cheap—NV Energy, Nevada Energy, just signed a contract to buy 100 megawatts of solar power for 3.78 cents a kilowatt. So it’s as if guidance and leadership is being given here in which one’s own integral position is preserved and the issue can be addressed from the full force of one’s religious thought. We did not grow up with factory-farmed meat, of pigs, chickens, and beef. Yet, IAMs are built in the face of pervasive uncertainty, both scientific and ethical, which requires modelers to make numerous choices in model development. GRIM: And yet the science community has effectively partnered, allied with many religious—. With five percent of the world’s population, the United States has historically contributed to twenty-seven percent of the historical accumulation of greenhouse gases. It is doubtful that they’ll ever connect to any kind of grid if there’s the money to ever build it, which I doubt that. Mitchell Hescox, as the program notes indicate, is president and chief executive officer of the Evangelical Environmental Network. … And so the words that are going to work—climate, you know, care for creation, et cetera—we’ve got to draw out the perspectives of a variety of communities and invite them to the table with their perspectives. We don’t have an answer. But we’re expecting, due to climate change, another sixty-five million refugees or internally displaced persons within the next fifteen to twenty years. There are microphones. We’re delighted to be here today sponsoring this lunch at the American Academy of Religion. It is a change on such a level, you see, of consciousness and conscience. And I would suggest that this is the pro, not the anti; namely, how are we going to engage in a great transition? So—and we’re seeing it so dramatically this summer, this fall. We have deforestation is the third problem, because literally the largest use of firewood in most of Africa is for fuel. So I encourage individual action, community action, local churches, because I think people need to engage that they can do something, but also understand that it’s not the final answer, that it’s only part, a small part of it. And that is, very simply, that the church represents one of the largest owners of buildings in the world, let alone the United States. We are starving for hope. And that’s the hope that we have to talk about. But you’re absolutely correct is it’s a problem that we have to work on together. And Mitch, perhaps you will mention, when your turn comes around, your upcoming publication also with Bethany House. The people of Bangladesh have done a great job of—actually many of the women of Bangladesh—of building resiliency. Let me come back just a moment. January 12, 2021. They love it. I haven’t asked a question here. The leading scholars of Chinese studies are deeply concerned about this. It’s a base part of the community. KUPPA: My name is Padma Kuppa. GRIM: Please join me in thanking our panelists. I’m from Eden Seminary in St. Louis. And we’ve worked with him. Please, the two gentlemen here at the table. But I’m curious if—is climate denial not a big deal? We have to have a level playing field. It’s a huge crisis, and it’s imprisoned us. Mitigation – reducing climate change – involves reducing the flow of heat-trapping greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, either by reducing sources of these gases (for example, the burning of fossil fuels for electricity, heat or transport) or enhancing the “sinks” that accumulate and store these gases (such as the oceans, forests and soil). than our Catholic brothers and sisters in that regard. You see, we have a news and media problem here about how these things are reported. by Claire Felter Who cannot want that for their children? That’s the hope—an alternative to consumption. Their family size is reduced. If you go to China, which we’ve done many times, the consumption level is just unbelievable. So I think we have to return to that vision of living sustainably again, for Christians, the garden, where Christ rose, back to the original garden. The recent papal encyclical, “Laudato Si’,” has put forward a vision of integral ecology, namely integrating people and planet for a flourishing future. December 21, 2020 And that’s what the next generation wants to think about too, the sustainable energy that will get them through into this flourishing future, as we hope. Six years ago, when I became the Evangelical Environmental Network, we had 15,000 people who we e-mailed to regularly. But the other thing I would just add to these excellent comments is so what is an answer to the gospel of consumption that we have preached around the world? It’s very important. They are able to contribute to their economies. Yet, in spite of the evidence at hand, climate change remains the toughest, most intractable political issue we, as a society, have ever faced. I study Asia, in particular the traditions of East Asia, China and Japan. It is largely because of the impressive power developed by new technologies and their unlimited use by economic powers that we have entered the Anthropocene. If these are symbolic actions out of which good thought is coming, great. Rajendra Pachauri, the former head of the IPCC, who is at Yale, used to say one of the easy things you can do is eat less meat. Professional fields like architecture, engineering, management and even marketing have focused on “green” issues. by Brandon Valeriano Think about it. HESCOX: As one who lives that livelihood every day, the needle is moving. Three hundred thousand children die because of indoor smoke. And that’s a worry I have about it actually feeds and continues to feed the denial. And we have to act now to minimize it, but realize putting on the brakes now, we can’t stop the extremes by 2030. And that will force them to act. And for 40 years this is who we are trying to empower for the next generation. Governments and researchers have been working with an extremely ambitious timetable to provide billions of people with immunity to the new coronavirus. Respondents assessed the chances of reducing climate change on a number of dimensions, using a scale from 0 (not at all likely) to 10 (extremely likely). That is the change that is at hand. This is one of the greatest nations in the world to accept people from all over the world. And if you have the expertise to challenge them, feel free. To observe strategies for adaptation to rising sea levels and coastal defense being adopted, as well as upland efforts. We have projected a wasteland onto the world. KELLER: Does it come on? Two months later, the Norwegian military instituted meatless Mondays. And we don’t need to go into those here. We met in 2008 with the minister for the environment. I’m going to invite our panelists up on the stage. So the only corporations we’re not seeing leading the way right now or moving that way are the fossil-fuel industries. And if you have a question, I’d like you to stand. The impact of climate change on many aspects of cultural life for people all over the world is not being sufficiently accounted for by scientists and policy-makers. Erin Lothes Biviano is the assistant professor of theology at the College of St. Elizabeth. That’s a faith path too, isn’t it? LOTHES: Professor Ramanathan has spoken to this question of the crisis of the indoor smoke, as you say, that’s deadly, that’s killing hundreds of thousands every year in Africa and India, and is also releasing short-term climate pollutants into the environment. And they will be isolated by themselves. He’s a co-director of the Yale Forum on Religion and Ecology. In fact, fuel—firewood is still the number one fuel around the world for cooking. Regulations However, we're already beginning to see some of climate breakdown's early impacts in the form of intense wildfires, hurricanes and floods. So we have to be called. It’s about equity issues. And this call in the encyclical, it’s not just to Paris and the COP, which it was timed to speak to. You know, this is a huge issue for students. It’s the fastest-growing population. Climate change includes both the global warming driven by human emissions of greenhouse gases, and the resulting large-scale shifts in weather patterns.Though there have been previous periods of climatic change, since the mid-20th century, humans have had unprecedented impact on Earth's climate system and caused change on a global scale. FLANNERY: Is that OK? We have a terrific panel for you on climate change. LOTHES: I would echo that very strongly. by Ankit Panda, Rocio Cara Labrador and Amelia Cheatham Rich Cizik was one of them. Do we report these events and their effect on our people? I drive a hybrid, and I recycle, and we’ve replaced our light bulbs with LEDs. And we see that that has a natural tendency towards reducing and stabilizing the population and increasing the economic stability when women become more educated contributors to a local economy. And the fashion amongst my young cousins is to go hang out there and eat meat, which I would never have done. The course reviews social and political dimensions of local and national adaptation efforts, media dynamics, collective and individual denial, and the rise of climate social movements. And that’s something we have to work together. And I think from the faith communities it calls us to an ethic of hospitality, to welcoming the alien in our midst, and that we as a faith community, as an interfaith community, need to really pull forward our resources for a theology of kinship, a theology of hospitality, and get it ready now, because we’re going to need it. Sixty percent of the surface water, by the government’s own admission, is polluted, which may mean it’s probably more like 75 or 80. The data from PRRI from one year ago is that only twenty-seven percent of white Evangelical Protestants believe that anthropogenic climate change is real. Now they’re responding specifically to the encyclical. And then, most importantly, as the diversity of people in this room suggests, by bringing it to the faith communities, Francis is asking for our consensus. So what is the religious community doing, and how should it approach the businesses? So, John, over to you. Current global funding for adaptation is a fraction of this figure and access to these funds for developing countries is often lengthy and complex. Anne-Marie Slaughter’s recent book, Unfinished Business: Men, Women, Work, and Family, challenges us to take back that priority of care as well as competitive accomplishment in the workplace. In my Hindu practice, alongside Jain practices of Ahimsa, drive my vegetarianism. Section 5 “Stigmatization and the Local and Global Response to Ebola”, discusses the role of stigmatization in the political and global aid response to … There’s obviously profound differences and, you know, in just the cultural issues of life. But all of you have either directly mentioned the sad, bad news, or alluded to it. Backgrounder climate-change opinions: OPINION: If humanity does not take dramatic steps to curtail fossil-fuel consumption, civilization may collapse . And that has meant in some cases going to places as Indonesia to make plantations of what used to be food—. So what is it that these countries and cultures, developing and developed, can come to a sense of common concern, differentiated responsibilities but common concerns? TUCKER: You know, I’m so glad you’ve mentioned this hugely important issue. GRIM: It’s excellent to hear these questions that focus attention to at least three areas that I think the religions will attend to with some precision, in some detail—food, health, and children. HESCOX: Well, you might as well go after the hard ones right off the bat, right? We practice that in my family and encourage all people to do that. And so forums like this are so critical for those ethical principles to engage with the present technical realities, and help us to further fund and scale up the future realities that we’re moving towards. And yet, at the same time, it’s full of love, you know, to speak of the soil, the mountains, the water, as being a caress of God, that we’re invited into this struggle and asked to sing as we go. And let’s proceed then with the questions that we have in front of us. And whether it’s a seminary or a college or a local congregation, the first thing I would urge you to do is become energy-efficient yourselves, to take the time to work on your own carbon footprint and not only save money, but save the planet. I teach in Santa Clara University. TUCKER: I would, of course, echo my colleagues here, and especially the education-of-women issues. People interpret that in different ways. As I say, this is why we began our work on world religions and ecology. Are they acting as fast as they have to? And that brings me to my final point. I was involved in the earth charter drafting committee and its ultimate evocation of this interlinked consumption population issue. 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