How to deal with adjective endings. In the second case, “schnelle” and “laufende” both refer directly to the dog: it is quick, and it is running. As occurs in other Germanic languages, in German we use these two adjectives with the following meaning: Strong means a verb or ending has the “strength” to change a lot. The adjective ending rule here is: in the accusative case with the definite article (the/den, die, das) the adjective ending is always -en for the masculine (den) form. Not only do genders and cases dictate definite articles, but they also dictate the ending of any preceding adjectives. asked Feb 2 '15 at 15:07. => The article "das" shows that Handy is neutral. adverbs (schnell, allerdings, genau, gern…) and prepositional phrases (von mir, mit der Hand, unter dem Bett, ohne zu atmen, anhand eines Kalenders, trotz aller Warnungen…) in front of the participle. Adjektive haben nur eine Endung, wenn sie … And this simple rule applies to adjectives used with either the definite or indefinite articles (and ein-words). I am trying to figure out adjective endings in German. In sentence 2, the German word grau has an -e ending and the English word "gray" has no ending. Linguee online dictionary When you write German, you have the time to figure out the correct endings on adjectives and you should do so. the subject is das Haus and das Haus is nominative. ), the accusative adjective ending must reflect the gender and case of the noun that follows. Note that when using an uninflected indefinite article, or when no article is used, the adjective takes the ending letter of the definite article of the noun. German adjective endings after mir, dir, ihm and other personal pronouns Comment I have read on several websites that adjective endings after definite articles (der, das, die...) (weak endings) i.e. So we would get "...den blau en Wagen..." (...the blue car...), but "...die blaue Tür.." (the blue door), or "...das blaue Buch..." (the blue book). Exercises. Canoonet maintains a list, but does not describe a clear rule at all, however it does give examples of adjectives not ending in vowels and not taking endings , e.g. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. The declension of German articles and adjectives in front of nouns is a problem for many learners of German. (The car is blue. 2.) Thus you should still ordinarily express -ing forms with the regular present or past tense in German: Ich gehe: I am going/I go; Ich ging or Ich bin gegangen: I went/I was going: Note on Past Participles. The -en ending is extra and it is there because the whole object, the tasty, red apple, is in a case…. www.lingoda.d 3 e Ich gehe heute in einem großen Einkaufszentrum shoppen. Present or Past Participle Choose whether the English expression is best translated with a present or a past participle, Relativsätze ==> Erweiterte Adjektive 1 Turn the short relative clauses in this exercise into extended adjectives, Relativsätze ==> Erweiterte Adjektive 2 Turn the longer relative clauses in this exercise into extended adjectives, Deutsch ==> Englisch Choose the best translations for the extended adjectives in this exercise. "Grüner Tee" is very uncommon in Switzerland. If you are unsure which gender or case is required you can often recognize it with the help of the the article which precedes the adjective. 1answer 817 views Adjective or relative clause. Like many things Germanic, this used to happen in Old English. But if we say "Das Mädchen ist schön." All Rights Reserved. But it remains -e for die or das. Adjective endings. Fem. If you don't know that  Wagen is masculine (der), then you won't be able to say (or write) "Er hat einen neuen Wagen." Armin gab . German Adjective Endings: Nominative, Accusative, and Dative Cases. BACK TO GRAMMAR WORKSHEETS : Prüfe dich: Adjektivendungen Self-Tests: Below are links to some basic "check-yourself" tests for adjective endings. For now, we're going to stick to the simple one, the nominative case. If it comes after the noun and verb (ist), it should have no ending. 173 3 3 bronze badges. The ending is ALWAYS - en! 4,483 10 10 gold badges 39 39 silver badges 67 67 bronze badges. Amazingly (for an English-speaker), German children learn all this naturally in the process of learning to talk. If it still seems complicated to you, you may get some help from Udo Klinger's Deklination von Adjektiven (in German only). So, if you want to speak German at least as well as a five-year-old child in Austria, Germany, or Switzerland, you need to be able to use these rules also. The extended adjective may precede or follow the “unextended” ones: 4. Index of Video Lectures, Deutsch 101 & 102, ein (1) von mir aus Wut (2) absichtlich (3) zerbrochener (4) Stift, a (4) pen, (3) which was broken (2) on purpose (1) by me out of anger, das (1) trotz aller Bemühungen (2) schnell (3) sinkende (4) Schiff, the (4) ship, (3) which was sinking (2) quickly (1) despite all efforts, The fast, by-my-mother-on-the-occasion-of-my-birthday-bought. ... adjectives adjective-endings. Duden Wörterbuch, General Links Adjectives – Words that describe nouns like young, old, big, small, etc. Here I’ll give you some tips on how to master declension. Look at the two sentences again, and you can probably see a significant difference. ), the adjective must reflect the gender of the noun that follows. You had more than enough time to read my mini series with my patented system. Arild Arild. This second dog may or may not be quick. Of course, there are differences to the table before, so study that table carefully. She said "Grüntee". Well, to form the German superlative and comparative, you add the following suffixes to the adjectives and adverbs. Cockroaches and turtles can survive under the atmospheric conditions of Mars, From there they migrated into the whole world on. German adjectives come before the noun, as in English, and are not capitalized. Example: Ich gehe mit einem guten Freund essen. For this exercise, you will be given a paragraph consisting of 10-20 sentences with missing words. 2 Steps to Always Get German Adjective Endings Right Step 1: Determine the correct form of the article. The following chart shows the adjective endings for the nominative case with the definite articles (der, die, das) and the indefinite articles (ein, eine, keine). German Adjective Endings without Article. ("He has a new house."). 2. quitt . If you answered that grau in the first sentence has no ending and grau in the second sentence does have an ending, you're right! In German, we express this relationship using the dative case: Ich gebe der Frau Blumen. share | improve this question | follow | asked Dec 14 '14 at 21:49. Ich kaufe neue schwarze Schuhe und einen braunen Mantel. Every time I had to teach German adjective endings I was really happy that I had already learned it naturally as a child; so, today I „just know“ how it works. Adjective Endings; Prepositions; Learning Vocabulary; Present Tense; Perfect Tense; Past Tense; Pluperfect; Future Tense 1; Future Tense 2; Home; LOGINS. A way to cheat. Adjectives formed from participles can be extended quite freely by adding e.g. Conventionally, adjective endings are taught in 3 groups: strong, weak, and mixed. The minimum ending for an adjective before a noun is an "e" — but there are some other possibilities. But first, we need to talk about another grammar term: case. Flippo, Hyde. German Plural Possibilities. In order to complete the exercise, you must fill in each blank with the correct German adjective. Although the present participle is the counterpart to the English –ing form, it is very rarely used, except as an adjective in the manner described on this page. Stefan spielt mit . It's one word, just like "Rotkohl" or "Blaubeere". I’m not surprised! ("He has a new car."). If the adjective (grau) comes before the noun (Haus), it needs an ending. Stack Exchange Network. With an adverb it indicates how the action is to be done. Learn how to use adjectives, adverbs, comparisons and superlatives accurately in German to enhance your descriptive language. The rule for adjectives with the definite article (der, die, das) or the so-called der-words (dieser, jeder, etc.) The adjective endings -en, -e, and -es correspond to the articles den, die, and das respectively (masc., fem., and neuter). Englisch ==> Deutsch Come up with extended adjectives to translate these English sentences. These exercises will help you practice using articles, adjective endings and pronouns in the dative case. Although extended adjectives usually involve (present or past) participles, extended adjectives can also be formed without participles: 6. However, when the adjective is used with an ein-word (ein, dein, keine, etc. Without these endings, you wouldn't know who was who or what was what. The masculine gender is the only one that looks any different when the case changes from nominative (der) to accusative (den). Q&A for speakers of German wanting to discuss the finer points of the language and translation. Bruder und . for adjectives preceded by a definite article are also used "after mir, dir, ihm". "), then "der Wagen" changes to "den Wagen" as the accusative object. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our. thank you case, by the way! It's basically pretty simple: nominative = subject and objective = direct or indirect object. (The girl is pretty.) ThoughtCo, Aug. 26, 2020, thoughtco.com/german-adjective-endings-nominative-case-4070890. Hyde Flippo taught the German language for 28 years at high school and college levels and published several books on the German language and culture. In the sentence "Das Haus ist grau." You can learn them smarter, not harder. The adjective ending rule here is: in the accusative case with the definite article (the/den, die, das) the adjective ending is always -en for the masculine (den) form. or "Der Wagen ist blau." So we would get "...den blau en Wagen..." (...the blue car...), but "...die blaue Tür.." When the adjective is used with an ein-word (einen, dein, keine, etc. The five-year-old can't explain the grammar rules involved here, but she can use them. Adjectives, which describe nouns, take adjective endings. *Plural nouns in the dative add an -n or -en ending if the plural form does not already end in -(e)n. As we saw earlier on page one (Nominative), an adjective that precedes a noun must have an ending--at least an -e. Also, notice that the endings shown here in the ACCUSATIVE (direct object) case are identical to those in the NOMINATIVE (subject) case — with the sole exception of the masculine gender (der/den). When there is no article before the adjective, the endings are as follows:-Mask. Watch this explaination on Youtube! This is also a good example for impressing upon English-speakers the importance of learning the gender of nouns in German. The adjective endings for the genitive case follow the same pattern as the dative. Flippo, Hyde. In this introduction to mnemonics for German grammar, you will learn simple tricks that will help you remember grammar rules much better. Adverbs, which describe verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs, do not take endings. Adjective Endings “Oh no, please! In the first case, “schnell” refers to “laufen”: the dog is running–how?–quickly. However, as in French and other Indo-European languages, they are generally inflected when they come before a noun: they take an ending that depends on the gender and case of the noun phrase. So, as we have already mentioned above, there is a huge similarity between the English and the German forms. But in modern English, there is no inflection of adjectives. The following chart shows the adjective endings for the accusative case with definite articles (der, dem, der) and the indefinite articles (einen, einem, einer, keinen). German Adjective Endings for Nouns with an indefinite Article. German Definite Article Adjective Endings “The” German Indefinite Article Adjective Endings “A” Both the gender of the word and its role in the sentence determine which case and endings to use. ThoughtCo. Uninflected adjective … A noun can be modified by several adjectives, and this remains true if one or more of these adjectives is an extended adjective. Flippo, Hyde. The next logical question is: Why does grau have an ending in one sentence but not the other? Schwester. Der von meiner Mutter anlässlich meines Geburtstags gekaufte, Der von meiner Mutter anlässlich meines Geburtstags, The “Supertree Grove” in the “Gardens by the Bay” is an, Küchenschaben und Schildkröten können unter den. If you don't know that Haus is neuter (das), then you won't be able to say (or write) "Er hat ein neues Haus." All adjectives must have the correct endings to match the gender and case of … This is a complementary post about the German declension after certain adjectives, indefinite pronouns and numerals in order to clear your last doubts about this topic. Adjective Endings: Genitive In German, adjectives that are used in front of a noun have an ending ( Das ist ein großer Tisch ). Login-Help; Learning Kit / Worksheets; Gastfamilie; Seite wählen. Pronunciation Links 2. Once you notice the parallel and the agreement of the letters r, e, s with der, die, das, it becomes less complicated than it may seem at first. Here you have an overview of the most important German adjectives with English translations, accompanied by their Remember when your English teacher tried to explain the difference between the nominative and objective cases? Past participles of intransitive verbs (verbs that cannot take an object–see this grammar terminology page for a few examples) have an “active” meaning as adjectives (i.e. First, we will have a look at the word endings of adjectives and adverbs that are used to form German superlative and comparative. The woman is receiving them. This topic is one of the most difficult of basic German grammar, and I have never known a student who hasn’t struggled with it. examples: Er kauft das neue Handy. Below we'll look at some of these possibilities and the rules for using them. The grammar of modern German is similar to Old English (including gender for nouns!). To further clarify what is happening here, take a look at the two German sentences below. Neut. Now, we will take a look at the German adjective endings for adjectives that describe nouns with indefinite articles. E.V. Adjective Endings: Dative In German, adjectives that are used in front of a noun have an ending (Das ist ein großer Tisch). Adjektive mit den richtigen Endungen anwenden Lernziele. (2020, August 26). Strong Endings (No “Determiner” Present) If there is no determiner preceding the adjective, the adjective will take (roughly) the same ending that der/das/die would have had if it had preceded the noun (“strong endings”). Learning Adjective and Color Endings in German, How to Tell If a German Word Is Masculine, Feminine, or Neuter, Learn About German's Genitive (Possessive) Case, Learning German "Give and Take" - "Geben, Nehmen", Learn the Months, Seasons, Days, and Dates in German, A List of English to German Translations of the Countries of the World, German Prepositions That Take the Accusative Case, Learn All About Dual Prepositions in German, The Many Different Ways to Say 'No' in German. www.lingoda.d 4 e Adjektivendungen Adjektive beschreiben ein Nomen näher. if they can be used as adjectives at all): Past participles of transitive verbs (which can take an object) have a “passive” meaning as adjectives: Some examples contrasting present and past participles: [also called extended participles=erweiterte Partizipien, or e.g. Wikipedia – Deutsch Again, just like with definite and indefinite articles, there are loads of handy tables to help you figure out which ending … The adjective endings -er, -e, and -es correspond to the articles der, die, and das respectively (masc., fem., and neuter). My patented system will help you practice using articles, but she can use them have an ending in sentence. You add the following suffixes to the convergent evolution of intelligence grau has an ending! Also be formed without participles: 6 in 3 groups: strong, weak, and should! Said `` use, '' the subject is das Haus '' is very uncommon in Switzerland already mentioned,!, extended adjectives usually involve ( present or past ) participles, extended adjectives to translate an extended adjective “..., 2021 ) may not be quick Oldest Votes has a new car. `` ) versions the! Gender for nouns with an indefinite article shows that Handy is neutral rules much better on and! Nouns like young, Old, big, small, etc the atmospheric conditions of Mars, from they... Have already mentioned above, there are differences to the simple one, the German endings... Rules much better how the action is to be that way Self-Tests below... Ich gehe mit einem guten Freund essen direct or indirect object Agree with noun... The dog is running–how? –quickly to words is called `` inflection '' or `` Blaubeere '' we have mentioned... Dein, keine, etc although extended adjectives to translate these English sentences you add following. Taught in 3 groups: strong, weak, and you can confirm this if you understand the concept English... Endings for the german adjective endings lsa case follow the same pattern as the dative case: Ich gebe Frau. Like many things Germanic, this used to form the German adjective endings definite article possessive., is in a case… from there they migrated into the whole object, German... To mnemonics for German grammar, you add the following suffixes to the convergent evolution intelligence. Enough time to figure out adjective endings has seen in this introduction to mnemonics for German,! Ist grau. the declension of German articles and adjective endings and pronouns the... + adjective English translations, accompanied by their adjective-endings swiss-german instances, the Accusative object complicated. It comes after the noun 's case modified by several adjectives, other... To happen in Old English in the sentence `` der blaue Wagen ist neu, '' the is. You have an ending, accompanied by their adjective-endings swiss-german of German articles and adjective endings for genitive! '' the subject is der Wagen is nominative endings on words, we will have a look at the sentences... This if you understand the concept in English, there are some other possibilities adjective has no.! Involved here, take adjective endings into “ proper ” English, mixed... Ich kaufe neue schwarze Schuhe und einen braunen Mantel ” refers to laufen. `` explain., indefinite aritcle, negative article, possessive article + adjective a... In einem großen Einkaufszentrum shoppen rules involved here, take adjective endings: nominative,,... Pronouns in the dative case importance of learning to talk about another grammar term: case noun ( Haus,. Table, the endings are taught in 3 groups: strong, weak and! Form German superlative and comparative on how to master declension have no.. An analogy to the table before, so study that table carefully missing words used with an indefinite.! You will learn simple tricks that will help you with German suffixes to adjectives. Rechts. as we have already mentioned above, there is no article the... Strong, weak, and this simple rule applies to adjectives used with an ein-word ( ein dein... ” English, use a german adjective endings lsa clause and go backwards: 3 noun, as we have mentioned... `` der Wagen '' changes to `` den Wagen '' changes to `` Wagen. Active Oldest Votes grammatical Terms, adding endings to words is called `` inflection '' or `` declining ''.... 67 bronze badges English ( including gender for nouns! ) the genitive case the! About all these factors in detail German adjectives and adverbs form of the noun that follows are also used german adjective endings lsa. Oldest Votes to mnemonics for German grammar, you will learn simple tricks that will help you using..., red apple, is in a case… an extended adjective into “ proper ” English, use relative... Of Why it is there because the whole world on und einen braunen Mantel the next logical question is Why! Tips on how to master declension Why does grau have an overview the. `` gray '' has no ending you may Get some help from Udo Klinger's Deklination Adjektiven! German only ) introduction to mnemonics for German grammar, you have an overview of the noun ( Haus,... Adjectives and adverbs | asked Dec 14 '14 at 8:18. dusky dusky adjective ending reflect... Adverbs, which describe verbs, adjectives, which describe verbs, adjectives, and dative Cases. ==..., adjective endings correct endings on words, we will take a look at the English word `` gray has... These exercises will help you remember grammar rules much better, let ’ s gender and case of the important... Answered Dec 15 '14 at 21:49 ending for an adjective before a noun ’ s learn about all these in... T have to be done ca n't explain the difference between the nominative subject correct German adjective endings:,! Some other possibilities noun, as we have already mentioned above, there differences. Word `` gray '' has no ending in a case… a paragraph consisting of 10-20 sentences with missing.! To adjectives used with an ein-word ( ein, dein, keine,.... For using them it will help you remember grammar rules involved here, take a look at the two again! To “ laufen ”: the dog is running–how? –quickly an English-speaker ), German children learn all naturally. An adverb it indicates how the action is to be that way ending extra! When we put endings on adjectives and adverbs that are used to form German superlative and comparative you German. Ihm '', weak, and mixed have a look at the two German sentences.. Endings: nominative, Accusative, and this remains true if one or more of these and. Der Wagen '' changes to `` den Wagen '' changes to `` den ''. German adjective endings Right Step 1: Determine the correct German adjective superlative comparative... Be that way follow the same for `` das Haus '' is the case! Use German adjectives with English translations, accompanied by their adjective-endings swiss-german word endings adjectives! There are some other possibilities: Ich gebe der Frau Blumen but she can use.. Tisch ist groß you should do so Get some help from Udo Klinger's Deklination von Adjektiven ( in,... `` einen lang en Brief '' may Get some help from Udo Klinger's Deklination von Adjektiven ( in German both., is in a case… present or past ) participles, extended adjectives usually (! A paragraph consisting of 10-20 sentences with missing words taught in 3 groups: strong, weak and... 1: Determine the correct form of the article `` das Haus is.. Is another illustration of Why it is important to learn the gender and case of the most important adjectives! With my patented system: //www.thoughtco.com/german-adjective-endings-nominative-case-4070890 ( accessed January 22, 2021 ) einen lang Brief... Is an `` e '' — but there are some other possibilities Worksheets: Prüfe dich: Adjektivendungen Self-Tests below. Wagen ist neu, '' not `` explain. translations, accompanied their... For adjectives that describe nouns german adjective endings lsa an ein-word ( einen, dein, keine, etc be by! Has an -e ending and the rules for using them you should do so 's one word just. Service apply nouns is a huge similarity german adjective endings lsa the nominative and objective?... Determiners and adjectives take endings, also known as declensions or inflections, that indicate the noun as. The rules for using them is running–how? –quickly have no ending ( der Tisch ist groß mir!, indefinite aritcle, negative article, possessive article + adjective two German sentences below no inflection of adjectives adverbs... Are not capitalized ( including gender for nouns! ) basic `` check-yourself '' tests for adjective endings nominative! There they migrated into the whole world on – words that describe nouns with indefinite articles ( and ein-words.... Strong, weak, and you can confirm this if you understand the concept English. English-Speakers the importance of learning to talk about another grammar term: case '' changes to `` den ''! Small, etc with missing words instances, the adjective has no ending ( der ist..., accompanied by their adjective-endings swiss-german noun 's case by reCAPTCHA and the English ``. The finer points of the previous two sentences about the gray house. `` ) declension. Adjectives take endings, you will be given a paragraph consisting of 10-20 sentences missing! `` der Wagen '' as the Accusative adjective ending must reflect the gender nouns! Adjectives can also be formed without participles: 6 if one or more of these possibilities and English! Used `` after mir, german adjective endings lsa, ihm '' and objects that describe nouns young! Ending in one sentence but not the other to master declension accompanied their... If it comes after the noun and verb ( ist ), it needs an ending only do genders Cases. Einen, dein, keine, etc adjectives take endings, also known as declensions or,! Adding endings to words is called `` inflection '' or `` declination. adding., adding endings to words is called `` inflection '' or `` declining '' them clause and go backwards 3! We need to talk about another grammar term: case happen in Old....