Climate change is adversely affecting smallholder farming households in Africa and in particular in Ghana because their activity depends on climate-regulated water resources. Different documents regarding adaptation policies and sectoral vulnerability assessment was also collected. an external stress. 2009). The primary data were based on 150 maize farming households, complemented by secondary data on rainfall and temperature over the period 1983–2013. For example, SDP has four sub-components, so W SDP z is the Livelihood Vulnerability Index for zone z and equals the weighted average of the seven major components pertaining to that zone z. W mi, or weights of each of the major components are determined by the number of sub-components that make up each major component. According toIPPC (2007), the vulnerability assessment measures the ability of the community to respond to hazard and or secure their livelihood. The MLVI is designed to measure multi-dimensional livelihood vulnerability to climatic, environ-mental, and socio-economic change in a region that is Introduction An overall average of all indicators is calculated to generate the country EVI. The vulnerability scores for each indicator are then accumulated either into categories or sub-indices and the average calculated. The Livelihood Vulnerability Index: A pragmatic approach to assessing risks from climate variability and change—A case study in Mozambique. Index (HVI). Abstract We developed the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) to estimate climate change vulnerability in the Mabote and Moma Districts of Mozambique. Peer review under responsibility of Kasetsart University. Typically, the index is a composite of multiple quantitative indicators that via some formula, delivers a single numerical result. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. In the SLF, Vulnerability Context is a major determinant of sustainability of livelihood assets as it directly influences livelihood strategies, institutional process, and livelihood outcomes of the community [3, 5, 7]. Data were aggregated using a composite index and differential vulnerabilities were compared. These strategies include liquidating productive assets, breaking social obligations, withdrawing children from school to … The chapter first presents the concepts of livelihoods, poverty, and inequality, and their relationships to each other and to climate change. Livelihood vulnerability index analysis: An approach to study vulnerability in the context of Bihar The empirical results revealed that farming households in Wenchi municipality were more vulnerable to climate change and weather variability in terms of food, water, and health than those in Techiman municipality. © 2017 Kasetsart University. where LVI b is the livelihood vulnerability index for the block b, and the weightage of the eight major components, W Mi, determined by the number of subcomponents that make up each major component, contribute equally to the overall LVI (Hahn et al. Index ranges between 0 and 2. eCalculated as sum of household scores (no =0, yes 1), based on the 3 variables: livestock, jewellery and stored food. To be able to calculate an EVI requires the compilation of relevant environmental vulnerability data for the 50 indicators. The sustainable livelihood approach combines five types of household assets: natural, social, financial, physical and human capital (Chambers and Conway 1992), to which vulnerability assessment also adds consideration of expo- Livelihood coping strategies can have longer-term negative effects on a household. These results have implications for the initiation and implementation of climate change adaptation and household resilience projects by the government, donor agencies, and other related organizations in the two municipalities in the region. The livelihood challenges facing returnee households are mainly lack of enough livelihood activities, poor soils and related low yields, reintegration process which is still incomplete for some, incapacity to compete on labor market, and lack of land to cultivate. Application of livelihood vulnerability index in assessing smallholder maize farming households' vulnerability to climate change in Brong-Ahafo region of Ghana. the Multidimensional Livelihood Vulnerability Index (MLVI), using primary data gathered by the application of the VACA survey. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. We developed the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) to estimate climate change vulnerability in the Mabote and Moma Districts of Mozambique. Sullivan, C.A. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. E.g. Assessing Vulnerability to Climate Change: The Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) In modeling the vulnerability to climate change by smallholder maize farming households, the balance weighted approach was employed by computing the LVI as developed by Hahn et al. The Vulnerability Index is administered in a form of a survey, which captures a homeless individual’s health and social status. Social vulnerability refers to the potential negative effects on communities caused by external stresses on human health. Through such an index "diverse issues can be combined into a standardised framework...making comparisons possible". The EVI is accumulated into three sub-indices: This study examined the vulnerability of smallholder maize farming households to climate change in the Brong-Ahafo region of Ghana by employing the Livelihood Vulnerability Index with particular emphasis on access to and utilization of water resources. The Climate Vulnerability Index (CVI) and an illustration of its application to Mongolia Caroline A Sullivan 12 and Erdenemunkh Byambaa 1 Water is the primary medium through which climate change influences Earth’s ecosystem and thus the livelihood and well-being of societies ” (WWAP, 2012). The Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) approach is a practical tool for assessing how vulnerable the sector is and which livelihood component contributes to its vulnerability. We surveyed 200 households in each district to collect data on socio-demographics, livelihoods, social networks, health, food and water security, natural disasters and climate variability. Index ranges between 0 and 3. The term "Sustainable Livelihood" is used here to refer to a livelihood that can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks, maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural resource base. Such stresses include natural or human-caused disasters, or disease outbreaks. 1. The Risk equation is known to be Risk = Hazard X Vulnerability. (2017). This pragmatic approach may be used to monitor vulnerability, program resources for assistance, and/or evaluate potential program/policy effectiveness in data-scarce regions by introducing scenarios into the LVI model for baseline comparison. Livelihood Vulnerability index was developed which includes social vulnerability, infrastructure development, biophysical conditions, climate, agriculture and livestock, and transportation (Fig 1). the Coping Strategies Index or CSI, which counts the frequency and severity of ... (World Food Programme/Vulnerability Analysis Mapping unit), FAO/FSNAU (UN Food and Agriculture ... recent recall period and the change in livelihood status over a longer period of time •highly subjective in nature and perhaps too easy to manipulate in b) A computerized statistical tool for computing HVI. To calculate the LVI for study sites, a balanced weighted average approach was used where each subcomponent contributed equally to the overall index. Once compiled then this data must be used to calculate each indicator. developed the Livelihood Assessment Tool-kit (LAT). We surveyed 200 households in each district to collect data on socio-demographics, livelihoods, social networks, health, food and water security, natural disasters and climate variability. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Furthermore, farming households in Wenchi municipality were more vulnerable in terms of adaptive capacity, taking into account the socio-demographic aspects, social networks, and livelihoods of households in the municipality than those in Techiman municipality. Climate and Development: Vol. Results suggest that Moma may be more vulnerable in terms of water resources while Mabote may be more vulnerable in terms of socio-demographic structure. The LAT consists of three main technical elements: Livelihood Baseline Assessment (which is undertaken pre-disaster); Immediate Livelihood Impact Appraisal (undertaken immediately after the disaster); and Detailed Livelihood Assessment (undertaken up to 90 days after the disaster). To assess the climate change effects and related vulnerability, a comparative analysis was performed for the Wenchi and Techiman municipalities in the Brong-Ahafo region. Copyright © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (2013). (2009) and employed by Etwire et al. of Farmer’s Livelihood to Flood in An Giang Province P. X. Phu1 and N. N. De2 Abstract This study, conducted in An Giang Province of Vietnam, assesses the vulnerability and adaptability of local farmers to the flood in different conditions. CDC Social Vulnerability Index. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. The Multidimensional Livelihood Vulnerability Index – an instrument to measure livelihood vulnerability to change in the Hindu Kush Himalayas. Vulnerability Index. In this study, the LVI is scaled from 0 (least vulnerable) to 0.5 (most vulnerable). 3. We developed the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) to estimate climate change vulnerability in the Mabote and Moma Districts of Mozambique. vulnerability due natural disasters and variability which is one of the components indicators used to calculate farmer’s livelihood vulnerability index (LVI). These were combined into vulnerability indices and mapped as vulnerability … Method and Materials When constructing the livelihood Vulnerability index to assess the impacts of MGNREGS on asset creation in the study area, the following background studies are carefully reviewed. Household livelihood security assessments: A toolkit for practitioners – Reviews CARE’s experience in assessing livelihoods using a variety of tools and techniques. 9, … Reducing social vulnerability can decrease both human suffering and economic loss. Both indexes validly reflect the relative difference in terms to examining the vulnerability index of climate change and both could usefully form the basis for a nationally applicable Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) proposed by Hahn, Riederer, and Foster (2009, Global Environmental Change, 19(1), 74–88) was applied for livelihood vulnerability analysis of different flooding zones (upper, middle and lower zones) in low flooding condition. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. poverty. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2008.11.002. The index will shed new light on the different degrees and levels of household vulnerability introduced by the HIV and AIDS pandemic on household agriculture and food security. 1.1 Levels of Analysis Vulnerability assessment methodology is determined by the overarching conceptual framework chosen, including a definition of vulnerability that specifies risks for … This paper shows two different vulnerability assessment indexes: the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) and the Livelihood Effect Index (LEI). By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. It identifies the most vulnerable through a ranking system which take into account risk factors and the duration of homelessness. Social vulnerability, sustainable livelihoods, and disasters – A report to DFID defining vulnerability and its role in livelihood support. index, sectorial vulnerability indices can be segregated to identify potential areas for intervention (Hahn et al. This livelihood lens also reveals how inequalities perpetuate poverty to shape differential vulnerabilities and in turn the differentiated impacts of climate change on individuals and societies. dCalculated as sum of household scores (no =0, yes 1), based on the 2 variables: possession of land and trees. and Huntingford C. (2009) Water Resources, Climate Change and Human Vulnerability Proceedings of the MODSIM Conference, Cairns, July 2009. 2009; Sullivan 2002). We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) proposed by Hahn, Riederer, and Foster (2009, Global This study adopted the SLF (Sustainable Livelihood Framework) [4] to guide the assessment of livelihood vulnerability to SI. Livelihood vulnerability index approach Vulnerability is one of the factors that determines whether people have risks to their livelihoods or not. A vulnerability index is a measure of the exposure of a population to some hazard. This ranking allows those We surveyed 200 households in each district to collect data on socio-demographics, livelihoods, social networks, health, food and water security, natural disasters and climate variability. Madurai district of Tamil Nadu by applying Livelihood vulnerability Index method. Publishing services by Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.kjss.2017.06.009. Water Science and Technology, Special Issue on Climate Change Vol 51 No 5 pp 69–78, 30, 1195-1210. Vulnerability is the human dimension of disasters and is the result of the range of economic, social, cultural, institutional, political and psychological factors that shape people’s lives and the environment that they live in (Twigg, 2004).. “livelihood coping” given higher levels of vulnerability and more severe shocks (Maxwell et al., 2003). Vaca survey region of Ghana 5 pp 69–78, 30, 1195-1210 and tailor content and ads equation. 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