This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 19:57. [13] A story developed that "Sam" would fire his gun if a virgin walked by, but never did (he was silent) because he never saw any. Cite This Item. We unveil and dedicate this monument today, as a covenant that we, too, will do our task with fidelity and courage. There had been no public meeting to discuss the settlement, or any public announcement of the lawsuit or potential deal until it was settled. Cooper gives UNC green light to remove 'Silent Sam', UNC holds off, citing 2015 law", "UNC board members criticize leaders' handling of Silent Sam statue", "Noisy protest of Silent Sam statue targets chancellor", "After Duke incident, rival UNC considers whether to remove Confederate statue", "AG Stein wants Confederate monuments down or moved; awaits request for advisory opinion on law", "Top lawmaker says no plans to change NC law protecting Confederate monuments", "NC Historical Commission Agrees To Keep 3 Confederate Monuments On Capitol Grounds, Reinterpret Them", "UNC's Chancellor Is a Consensus Builder. Now, that group will raise Silent Sam and bring the same pain to another North Carolina community, and it will do so with millions of the … [24] However, in February 2020 the settlement was overturned by the judge who originally approved it, who ruled that the SCV lacked standing to bring the lawsuit. Police, who cordoned off the area around the pedestal, arrested one person who concealed his or her face in the public protest (prohibited in North Carolina). "[111], UNC had begun developing alternate signs and an interactive tour meant to place Silent Sam in context and tell the "true" history of UNC. [17] On November 9, a further statement from Chancellor Folt said that a decision had not yet been made, and the Board of Governors had granted a "short extension" to this deadline. [15][105][115][116][117] Protestors marched down and briefly blocked Franklin Street, Chapel Hill's main downtown street. [15][112] From July 1, 2017 – June 30, 2018, UNC spent $390,000 on security for the monument. These resources include books, articles, photographs, and archival resources from the collections in Wilson Special Collections Library. It is located on McCorkle Place, the university's upper quad; facing Franklin Street on the northern edge of campus. The statue has been in storage since it was toppled last August by protesters who said it was a racist symbol. It's not properly contextualized. [6][10], The dedication speech which has attracted the most subsequent notice was given by Julian Carr, a prominent industrialist, UNC alumnus and Trustee, former Confederate soldier, and the largest single donor towards the construction of the monument. A guide to primary sources held in the University Archives and other Wilson Library collections about the planning and dedication of Silent Sam and … Silent Sam was a good articles nominee, but did not meet the good article criteria at the time. [101], On April 30, 2018, Maya Little defaced the statue, which she called "a symbol of UNC's commitment to white supremacy",[92] with a mixture of red ink (some sources say paint) and her own blood. [56] A UNC history professor, Dr. Harry Watson, said that he believed the monument represented an important part of history but that its glorification promoted a false conception of the Civil War. "[82] Removal will require legislative action. Grapples Anew With the Fate of Silent Sam", "UNC System asks judge to help get Silent Sam Confederate statue and its $2.5 million back", "Judge says most — but not all — of $2.5 million from Silent Sam deal must go back to UNC", "North Carolina Statewide General Election Poll Crosstabs September 4 – 7, 2018", "Silent Sam may speak loudly in national conversation on free speech", "Slavery and the Making of the University", "The University of North Carolina's Silent Sam Statue Represents a Legacy of White Supremacy", "Removing Confederate Symbols Is a Step, but Changing a Campus Culture Can Take Years", "North Carolina's Heritage Protection Act: Cementing Confederate Monuments in North Carolina's Landscape", "A Guide to Resources about UNC's Confederate Monument", "Why UNC's Toppled 'Silent Sam' Statue Has Been a Focus Point of Protest for Decades", "NC Influencers weigh in on Confederate monuments", "Silent Sam Was Toppled. The statue was funded by the University Alumni and the United Daughters of the Confederacy. [124], On University Day, October 12, 2018, Chancellor Folt issued an apology for the university's connections to slavery, saying: "I reaffirm our university's commitment to facing squarely and working to right the wrongs of history so they are never again inflicted".[134]. "[97] On November 27, the UNC School of Education posted a statement on its website, saying that the statue is and "was erected as a symbol of hatred, bigotry, and white supremacy". [123], Later that night, campus staff loaded the statue, which did not seem to be seriously damaged,[124] onto a flat-bed dump truck and removed it from the site. Roy Cooper to petition the North Carolina Historical Commission for an urgent ruling to relocate Silent Sam", and "as a sign of good faith, understanding that the Chancellor is now seeking the quick removal of Silent Sam, we shall stand down for the present". Asked if Folt reached out or was planning to reach out to Cooper in response to the letter, Joanne Peters Denny, a UNC spokesperson, said these conversations were not happening: "We don't make our policy decisions based on threats from unauthenticated, anonymous groups". Ours is the task to build a State worthy of all patriotism and heroic deeds, a State that demands justice for herself and all her people, a State sounding with the music of victorious industry, a State whose awakened conscience shall lead the State to evolve from the forces of progress a new social order, with finer development for all conditions and classes of our people. To them and to us, Silent Sam and its roots in pro-slavery, pro-segregation ideology represent the antithesis of the high value that UNC and the Town of Chapel Hill place on being a welcoming and inclusive place for all. Folt stated that if UNC could remove the statue it would, but was prohibited by the 2015 law cited above. "Returning the statue to the UNC-Chapel Hill campus would reaffirm the values of white supremacy that motivated its original installation," the resolution said. ... "The letter exuded a weakness and hand wringing that does not accurately reflect the Board's opinion about how the potential of campus unrest should be treated", said the letter, which was dated August 22. [118] Holding signs and chanting "stand up, fight back" and "This is what democracy looks like", some protesters stamped on the statue or tried to cover it with dirt. This website is a guide to primary sources, held in the University Archives and other Wilson Library collections, about the planning and dedication of Silent Sam and the discussion surrounding the monument in the years since. "[187] On the same day, 8 alumni co-chairs of a fundraising committee, most former members of the Trustees or the Board of Visitors, sent a letter to the Board of Trustees: This is an "increasingly dangerous situation impacting our students and faculty and threatening to tarnish the reputation of our nation’s first public university, as well as the State of North Carolina.... Now that Silent Sam is down, we are united in agreeing that it should not return to its former location. The actions or inaction on August 20, 2018, of the UNC Campus Police and the Chapel Hill Police Department, which differed from their actions at the 2017 protest,[68] have been the subject of many comments. On August 20, 2019, the anniversary of the toppling, a "Silent Sam is Down: Anniversary Party!" The Black Student Movement strongly opposes the recommendation made by Chancellor Folt and the UNC Board of Trustees today to reinstall the Confederate monument known as “Silent Sam” on our university’s campus. In 1937 this story was called an "old local wisecrack". A judge ordered the NC Sons of Confederate Veterans to return the Silent Sam statue to the UNC System within 45 days. [68], On August 15, 2017, a video taken by a passer-by shows a man beating the statue with a hammer. [59], In late July 2015, the North Carolina General Assembly passed SL 2015–170, the Cultural History Artifact Management and Patriotism Act of 2015, which states that "An object of remembrance [defined as "monument, memorial, or work of art"] located on public property may not be permanently removed". [13], The monument has been a subject of controversy and a site of protest since the 1960s. "[76] They also asked the Governor to convene the North Carolina Historical Commission to take up the question of what to do with the statue,"[72][77] although "the panel has little leeway to remove the statue permanently. They were paid for by the Make It Right Project, a project of the Independent Media Institute, which is working to have Silent Sam and nine other Confederate monuments removed. Historical Commission to Meet Aug. 22 in Raleigh", "UNC leaders hope new signs will put Silent Sam's history in context", "Silent Sam toppled in protest the night before classes begin", "UNC officials watched protesters closely as Silent Sam fell, texts show", "Protesters topple Silent Sam Confederate statue at UNC", "Protesters Down Confederate Monument 'Silent Sam' at University of North Carolina", "What to do with Silent Sam? The Governor of North Carolina, Locke Craig, also spoke; regarding the service of students who died in the war: In 1861 these students went to war. "[85], The UNC Board of Trustees then released a statement supporting Folt, saying: "Above all, regardless of the circumstance, the chancellor has a responsibility to the people of North Carolina to uphold all state laws. Mayor of Chapel Hill Pam Hemminger had written the university on August 17, 2017, requesting that Silent Sam be moved (see above). The bronze statue of a Confederate soldier — long known as Silent Sam — stood on the UNC-Chapel Hill campus from 1913 until it was pulled down by protestors in 2018. [54] That group, also known as the Real Silent Sam Committee, "campaigned over the past two years [2011–2013] to replace the current plaque with one that tells what they call "the true history of the confederate soldier. Folder 26: Addresses, 1912–1914: Scan 104", "I've studied the history of Confederate memorials. The Real Silent Sam Coalition; PRIMARY SOURCES Activist Organizations – Past & PResent. [205] In a September poll, 76% of swing voters and 93% of Republicans disapproved of the toppling; as did 44% of Democrats, versus 41% who approved. Developed by the University Archives at UNC Chapel Hill, 2016. [60], On the night of August 17–18, 2015, the statue, along with the Chapel Hill Post Office, were defaced with the words "Who is Sandra Bland? [28], In 1907, the North Carolina chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy (UDC) decided that its next major goal was to "be the erection, on the campus at the State University, of a monument to the students and faculty, who went out from its walls in 1861 to fight and die for the South. [183], The University of North Carolina system president, Margaret Spellings, summarised the situation: "The people who are paying the bills in the state of North Carolina, who underwrite in very significant ways the cost of operating that and every other institution in this system, by all polling and all accounts seem to support the restoration of the statue. There are suggestions below for improving the article. Once these issues have been addressed, the article can be renominated.Editors may also seek a reassessment of the decision if they believe there was a mistake. Archival material on Julian Carr is in Special Collections, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Library. For nearly half that time, the monument has been the subject of controversy. [43] Later in the speech; Carr stated: One hundred yards from where we stand, less than ninety days perhaps after my return from Appomattox, I horse-whipped a negro wench until her skirts hung in shreds, because upon the streets of this quiet village she had publicly insulted and maligned a Southern lady, and then rushed for protection to these University buildings where was stationed a garrison of 100 Federal soldiers. [108] The stated audience the billboards were intended to reach — thus the Raleigh locations — were the members of the North Carolina Historical Commission. Protests and calls to remove the monument reached a higher profile in the 2010s, and in 2018, UNC Chancellor Carol L. Folt described the monument as detrimental to the university,[14][15] and said that she would have the statue removed if not prohibited by state law. On February 25 a University spokesperson confirmed the letter had been received. Anything short of that is giving into mob rule and anarchy, and I won't agree with it. [14][109] At about the same time, the Project printed posters with a picture of Silent Sam, an X over him, and the words "We need REAL heroes", and students put them up on the campus. Many of the resources listed here have been digitized and are available for easy access online. [200], The agreement was criticised by university staff, alumni and students, who accused the university of a back-room deal with white supremacists. "[196], In November 2019 the University of North Carolina Board of Governors announced that ownership of the statue was being transferred to the North Carolina Division of the Sons of Confederate Veterans (SCV), on the condition that it not be displayed in any county in which the University has a campus. was held at the new Peace and Justice Plaza on Franklin Street. They related the Silent Sam situation with another controversial issue, "the Board of Governors' recent ban on representation or counsel by the Center for Civil Rights. Our intention is to provide a comprehensive list of materials that can be used to inform current and future discussions about this contested monument. "UNC student says she found Confederate Silent Sam statue, but school won't confirm", "UNC Chapel Hill's handling of Silent Sam could be election issue", "Former UNC chancellor opposes returning Silent Sam to pedestal", "Message from Chancellor Carol L. Folt on the Confederate Monument", "UNC fundraising leaders say Silent Sam threatens safety, reputation of university", "Chamber says Chapel Hill's reputation, economy at stake as Silent Sam protests mount", "UNC library board says Silent Sam doesn't belong in Wilson or any of its libraries", "Almost half of UNC Libraries staff signed statement against Silent Sam being placed in any branch", "Clergy say returning Silent Sam to same spot would affirm white supremacy", "Town to UNC: Silent Sam, an 'offense to entire Chapel Hill community,' must be moved", "To reinstall Silent Sam would 'herald for the nation and for the world that UNC is not a welcoming place for black people, "Letter written by Black faculty on Silent Sam receives support", "Silent Sam should not return to UNC campus, faculty council says", "Silent Sam will stay off the University of North Carolina campus as the school turns the statue over to a Confederate group", https://indyweek.com/news/orange/unc-board-of-governors-silent-sam-sons-of-confederate-veterans/#.XeRMoLqrjOQ.twitter, https://boingboing.net/2019/12/02/scv-dmca.html, https://www.dailytarheel.com/article/2019/12/sam-settlement-secrets, "Toppled but Not Gone: U.N.C. 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